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旧帖 2002-10-20 21:17:07
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不留痕迹的户外道德原则(ZT)
 
老大 离线 老大

不留痕迹的户外道德原则(ZT)

转贴自 www.LNT.ORG ,俺翻译了个目录,下面的内容俺是看懂还凑合,要翻译出来就费劲了,谁动手翻译一吧。。。
  
Leave No Trace 框架中的不留痕迹的户外道德原则:
  
事先准备和计划;
在持久的表面行进和露营
适当地处理垃圾
保持你发现内容的原貌
尽可能减少营火的影响
尊重野生动植物
考虑其他人
  
The Leave No Trace Principles of outdoor ethics form the framework of Leave No Trace's message:
  

Plan Ahead and Prepare  
Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces  
Dispose of Waste Properly  
Leave What You Find  
Minimize Campfire Impacts  
Respect Wildlife  
Be Considerate of Other Visitors
  
  
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Plan Ahead and Prepare
Know the regulations and special concerns for the area you'll visit.  
Prepare for extreme weather, hazards, and emergencies.  
Schedule your trip to avoid times of high use.  
Visit in small groups. Split larger parties into groups of 4-6.  
Repackage food to minimize waste.  
Use a map and compass to eliminate the use of marking paint, rock cairns or flagging.

  
Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
Durable surfaces include established trails and campsites, rock, gravel, dry grasses or snow.  
Protect riparian areas by camping at least 200 feet from lakes and streams.  
Good campsites are found, not made. Altering a site is not necessary.
In popular areas:  
Concentrate use on existing trails and campsites.  
Walk single file in the middle of the trail, even when wet or muddy.  
Keep campsites small. Focus activity in areas where vegetation is absent.  
In pristine areas  
Disperse use to prevent the creation of campsites and trails.  
Avoid places where impacts are just beginning.

  
Dispose of Waste Properly
Pack it in, pack it out. Inspect your campsite and rest areas for trash or spilled foods. Pack out all trash, leftover food, and litter.  
Deposit solid human waste in catholes dug 6 to 8 inches deep at least 200 feet from water, camp, and trails. Cover and disguise the cathole when finished.  
Pack out toilet paper and hygiene products.  
To wash yourself or your dishes, carry water 200 feet away from streams or lakes and use small amounts of biodegradable soap. Scatter strained dishwater.

  
Leave What You Find
Preserve the past: examine, but do not touch, cultural or historic structures and artifacts.  
Leave rocks, plants and other natural objects as you find them.  
Avoid introducing or transporting non-native species.  
Do not build structures, furniture, or dig trenches.

  
Minimize Campfire Impacts   
Campfires can cause lasting impacts to the backcountry. Use a lightweight stove for cooking and enjoy a candle lantern for light.  
Where fires are permitted, use established fire rings, fire pans, or mound fires.  
Keep fires small. Only use sticks from the ground that can be broken by hand.  
Burn all wood and coals to ash, put out campfires completely, then scatter cool ashes.

  
Respect Wildlife
Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach them.  
Never feed animals. Feeding wildlife damages their health, alters natural behaviors, and exposes them to predators and other dangers.  
Protect wildlife and your food by storing rations and trash securely.  
Control pets at all times, or leave them at home.  
Avoid wildlife during sensitive times: mating, nesting, raising young, or winter.

  
Be Considerate of Other Visitors
Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience.  
Be courteous. Yield to other users on the trail.  
Step to the downhill side of the trail when encountering pack stock.  
Take breaks and camp away from trails and other visitors.  
Let nature's sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises.

 
旧帖 2002-10-20 22:19:32
Post #2
回复: 不留痕迹的户外道德原则(ZT)
 
老大 离线 老大 中文版本(点击图片看文字)。。。还有很详细的东东,回头慢慢弄出来
  
老大 于 2002-10-20 22:23:10 编辑
 
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