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旧帖 2017-09-08 05:32:32
Post #1
水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04

水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书











-------------------              水上荒野技术指南        ----------------------------------------        

包括
1)选择路线
2)选择队员
3)领队
4)皮划艇器材和获得方法
5)其他器材
6)定位
7)露营
8)防雨和防冻
9)救援
10)特殊的危险因素
11)食物和菜单
12)修补
13)摄影和航拍
14)国际旅行

这个需要半年到一年时间来完成

海洋太神奇,我一直没明白,朋友圈喜欢赞我们缅因荒岛系列,甚至超过阿拉斯加海洋冰川探险,也许是荒野文化是赢家,荒野是一种去浮躁,静心感受小岛和大海文化。中国英雄探险的事件不算少,光今年在试图绕中国海岸线的就3, 横渡大西洋的有一。可是很少俱乐部在探索高端适合文化精英的水上皮划艇项目,我们一直在做实验,从ipswich到缅因,发现喜欢这种过夜活动远远超过预期。 从老极,闪米特,行少,这些国内户外顶级大侠赞我们的缅因系列,似乎证明了英雄所见略同。 

在皮划艇高品质活动上,国内在思考中,到底高端是装B,还是回归简单纯朴我们缅因活动给出了答案。装B敌不过机动船,装酷敌不过帆船,每项运动都有长有短,皮划艇的简单,丰富海岸线(包括海产),靠人力和毅力则是别的水上运动无法比, 知彼知己才是王道。 荒野文化是海洋舟的精髓, 大航海属于帆船领域,机动船是伪户外爱好者的天地

回归江河回归大海!回归纯朴和简单!
—————————

kurtyang04 于 2017-09-16 00:02:10 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-08 08:39:03
Post #3
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 “移动的独木舟颇像一叶风中摇曳的芦苇。宁静是它的一部分,还有拍打的水声,树中的鸟语和风声。荡舟之人是独木舟的一部分,从而也与它所熟悉的山水融为一体。从他将船桨侵入水中的那一刻起,他便与它一起漂流,独木舟在他的手下服服帖帖,完全依照他的意愿而行。船桨是他延长的手臂,一如手臂是他身体的器官。划独木舟的感觉与在一片绝好的雪坡上滑雪几近相同,带着那种轻快如飞的惬意,小舟灵活敏捷,任你摆布;划独木舟还有一种与大地和睦相处,融为一体的感觉。然而,对于一个划独木舟的人而言,最重要的莫过于当他荡起船桨时所体验的那种欢乐。

划桨和荡舟的感觉中有魔力,那是一种由距离、探险、孤独和宁静融合在一起的魔力。当你与自己的独木舟融为一体时,便与独木舟所经过的山水密不可分”

这就是荒野皮划艇的感觉,与非荒野皮划艇最大区别就是离开嘈杂的人间越远越好,夜晚是在荒无人烟岸边或小岛度过,那么你的行囊跟着船儿走向远方。
 
旧帖 2017-09-08 09:42:04
Post #4
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 第一章:路线

路线的选择来自丰富经验的领队,海洋合格领队培养需要2-4 年时间, 白水需要同样时间,静水大概3个月到12月不等

路线是关于什么人参加,什么时间,什么地点,多长的信息策划。

在中国,需要根据当地有经验的渔民或皮划艇爱好者的信息,加上海洋地图或河流有关地图,加上领队丰富经验和判断力,综合起来的设计。

在北美,地区向导丛书或者过去活动报告提供了最直接最有用的探险信息,然后根据地图和经验再设计
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-15 23:47:20 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-09 02:21:46
Post #5
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 http://www.kayarchy.co.uk/html/02technique/009seakayaktrips/001organisingadaytrip.htm#tripplanning 解释了有关问题

Trip planning

Who?

Perhaps the single most important question. Until you have seen all your group in action, we suggest you assume (whatever they told you on the phone) that they cannot reliably roll their kayaks, or carry out a tow or deep-water rescue.
Unless you are sure that everybody in the group can reliably roll, tow and rescue, you will need the support of at least one "safety kayaker" who does have those skills and equipment. If one of you is carrying out a rescue the other can shepherd the rest of the group. This is particularly important with groups of young people because as soon as your back is turned, probably some are getting anxious and others are horsing around.
For a mixed-ability group going outside sheltered waters it will seldom be enough to have one expert leader and one competent safety kayaker. A few trips will require one expert for every intermediate kayaker.
When?
Is it the right time of year? Well-equipped experts can enjoy a surf trip in the middle of winter. In a cool climate, six months of the year are best left to them. The other half of the year is good for intermediate kayakers, with a reminder that in early spring, sea temperatures are only a few degrees higher than in mid-winter so maybe they should wear clothing for winter. For novices in a cool climate, sea trips are probably best left until the latter half of summer.
Where?
Ideally, don't lead a group of mixed-ability kayakers along a particular section of coast until you have already explored it yourself in similar conditions.
Probably the most important issues are the extent to which the coast is exposed to the open ocean, and the distance you will be going from a harbour, beach or other safe shelter.
Exposed coast. An exposed section of coastline is one which is strongly affected by wind and waves coming directly from the ocean.
If the prevailing wind (blue arrow) blows across a wide expanse of open ocean, there may at any time be oceanic groundswell surging over reefs and into caves. In windy conditions there will probably be a heavy surf on the beaches and waves exploding on the cliffs to send spray high into the air.
Wind, waves and tidal currents are always strongest at a headland. Lands End in Cornwall projects far out into the Atlantic and is exposed to oceanic wind and waves over 100 degrees of the circle. There is nothing closer than America to break the prevailing wind and the Isles of Scilly do little to break up the swell created by mid-Atlantic storms.
There is usually quite big surf at Sennen Cove, which is the beach next to Lands End. When a big swell is running, one wave bigger than the rest can unexpectedly touch bottom on submerged rocks and break even in quite deep water.
In addition, there is a high tidal range in the Lands End area, which means strong tidal streams. Even in the open sea, the tide regularly creates currents of 2.6 knots. There is a tide race, usually benign but often very fast, just off Lands End. This is not a sensible place to take a group of beginners, and it is suitable for intermediate kayakers only if you have the right combination of good weather and moderate tides.
 
旧帖 2017-09-13 02:06:45
Post #6
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 磨小编也在推广皮划艇运动,在首页上推荐了该篇文章
 
旧帖 2017-09-13 02:09:56
Post #7
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 关于什么人, 因为有专门一章讨论该内容,我们不深入讨论,在策划这节

www.kayarchy.co.uk 说道了时间,地点,和里程问题。

When?
Is it the right time of year? Well-equipped experts can enjoy a surf trip in the middle of winter. In a cool climate, six months of the year are best left to them. The other half of the year is good for intermediate kayakers, with a reminder that in early spring, sea temperatures are only a few degrees higher than in mid-winter so maybe they should wear clothing for winter. For novices in a cool climate, sea trips are probably best left until the latter half of summer.
Where?
Ideally, don't lead a group of mixed-ability kayakers along a particular section of coast until you have already explored it yourself in similar conditions.
Probably the most important issues are the extent to which the coast is exposed to the open ocean, and the distance you will be going from a harbour, beach or other safe shelter.
How long?
Anybody can walk or kayak three miles (5 km). A fit person can easily walk 10 miles or paddle a classic sea kayak 15 miles (25 km) in good conditions. If you are on a mission you can walk 25 miles or kayak 40 miles (65 km) although you may not be much use at work the next day.
For trips by experienced adults in true sea kayaks, a round trip totalling 12-15 miles (20-25 km) is a good total length to start with. If you have to mix sea kayaks and short boats on the same trip, make it 6 - 9 miles (10-15 km).
It may be OK to finish an advanced trip for adults with everybody exhausted, but if there are children in the group it is probably best if, at the end of the trip, they feel they could go straight out and do it again. 5 miles (8 km) may be good.
 
旧帖 2017-09-13 02:13:45
Post #8
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 什么时候?
这是正确一年时间吗?装备齐全的专家可以在冬季享受冲浪之旅。在凉爽的气候下,天气不太好的半年时间可以留给冲浪。另一半的年份对于中级皮划艇运动员来说是更实用。提醒人们,在初春,海温比冬季只有高几度,所以也许应该穿冬季保暖服装(干衣或湿衣)。对于寒冷气候的新手,海上旅行可能最好留到夏季开始的下半年

哪里?
理想情况下,不要在一段特定的新路线海岸带领一群级别参差不齐的皮划艇爱好者,除非你已经在类似的条件下自己探索过。
最重要的因素可能是海岸暴露于开放海洋的程度以及距离海港,海滩或其他安全庇护所的距离

多久?
任何人都可以划皮划艇3英里(5公里)。一个身体比较适合运动的人可以轻松地划10英里,或者在一个生体良好的条件下,经过一个经典的海上划艇行驶15英里(25公里)。有时您状态特别好,行25英里或皮划艇40英里(65公里)是可能动,但您可能在第二天身体疲惫 。
经验丰富的成年人在真正的皮划艇旅行中,总共12-15英里(20-25公里)的往返行程是一个很好的总长度。如果您必须在同一行程中混合了海上皮划艇和短艇,则可以考虑6 - 9英里(10-15公里)。
如果有小朋友, 5英里(8公里)可能会很好。

书中说的与我十年经验基本是吻合的。
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-13 02:59:13 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-15 01:37:05
Post #9
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 风险评估

http://www.kayarchy.co.uk/html/02technique/009seakayaktrips/001organisingadaytrip.htm#tripplanning

Risk assessment is an essential concept for kayak coaches and guides and worthwhile for club leaders. Kayaking is an adventure sport and kayakers voluntarily take risks. Even in a workplace, the purpose of risk assessment is not to eliminate all risk but to think about the hazards of a particular activity and decide what is acceptable.
Low risks can often be disregarded. If you realise there is a moderate risk which could be eliminated without too much trouble or money, you may decide to do so. If a leader decides not to eliminate that risk, should (s)he discuss it with the group? If you realise there is a high risk, you may decide to relocate or cancel the activity until circumstances are more favourable, for example when the weather is better or you have one or two more experienced kayakers in the group.
The Health & Safety Executive says that a workplace risk assessment is "nothing more than a careful examination of what... could cause harm to people so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm...
1. Look for hazards.
2. Decide who might be harmed, and how. 
3. Evaluate the risks and decide whether existing precautions are adequate or more should be done. 
4. Record the findings. 
5. Revise the assessment if circumstances change.


风险评估是皮划艇教练和指导的重要概念,值得俱乐部领导。皮划艇是探险运动,皮划艇自愿冒风险。即使在工作场所,风险评估的目的不是消除一切风险,而是考虑特定活动的危害,并决定什么是可接受的
低风险往往被忽视。如果你意识到没有太多麻烦或金钱就可以消除中等风险,你可能会这样做。如果领导人决定不消除这种风险,那么他应该和小组讨论吗?如果您意识到风险很高,您可以决定搬迁或取消活动,直到情况更为有利,例如当天气更好或您在组内有一到两名经验丰富的皮划艇骨干。
健康与安全执行官一种概念,工作场所的风险评估只不过是仔细检查可能对人造成伤害的事情,以便您可以衡量是否采取了足够的预防措施,或者应该采取更多措施来防止伤害。 。


1 寻找危险。
2.决定谁可能受到伤害,以及如何发生。
3.评估风险,并确定现有的预防措施是否足够或应该做更多。
4 记录调查结果。
5.如果情况发生变化,修改评估。


风险评估是区分新老司机最重要指标之一,是影响到活动安全保障和最终活动质量的关键因素
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-15 23:42:22 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-16 00:28:03
Post #10
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书与带队华人 ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 第二章 选择队员

是所有问题里最复杂一个, 作为领队,你可能是队员的保姆和心理医师

* 效率最高是 5-6人
* 安全角度,最低是 5-6人,5-6个精兵强干可以搭设比较强大的救援力量
*超过6人,不但事情效率可能开始变得超低, 要协调的事是成倍增加
* 超过6人,暴露的安全漏洞会越多

* 对于超过3天的旅途,人的弱点开始放大暴露,丑陋的东西很可能平时发现不了, 个别同学开始失去控制自己
*对于一个中高级探险活动,磨合不可少


以上来自接近1000人漂流/海洋活动的总结
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-16 02:02:13 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-16 02:02:47
Post #11
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 Perhaps the single most important question. Until you have seen all your group in action, we suggest you assume (whatever they told you on the phone) that they cannot reliably roll their kayaks, or carry out a tow or deep-water rescue.
Unless you are sure that everybody in the group can reliably roll, tow and rescue, you will need the support of at least one "safety kayaker" who does have those skills and equipment. If one of you is carrying out a rescue the other can shepherd the rest of the group. This is particularly important with groups of young people because as soon as your back is turned, probably some are getting anxious and others are horsing around.
For a mixed-ability group going outside sheltered waters it will seldom be enough to have one expert leader and one competent safety kayaker. A few trips will require one expert for every intermediate kayaker.

也许是最重要的一个问题。 直到你看到所有的小组在行动中,我们建议你假设(无论他们在电话中告诉你什么),他们不能可靠地滚动他们的皮划艇,或进行拖船或深水救援。
除非您确定该组织中的每个人都可以可靠地滚动,拖曳和拯救,否则您将需要至少一名具有这些技能和设备的“安全皮划艇”的支持。 如果你们中的一个人正在进行救援,另一个人可以牧养其余的人。 这对于年轻人来说尤为重要,因为一旦你的背部转身,可能有些人越来越焦急,而其他人正在挨饿。
对于一个混合能力组织进入庇护水域,很少有足够的专家领导和一个合格的安全皮划艇。 每个中间皮划艇旅行人员都需要一名专家。
 
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