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旧帖 2017-09-08 05:32:32
Post #1
水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04

水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书











-------------------              水上荒野技术指南        ----------------------------------------        

包括
1)选择路线
2)选择队员
3)露营
4)皮划艇器材和获得方法
5)其他器材
6)定位
7)领队
8)防雨和防冻
9)救援
10)特殊的危险因素
11)食物和菜单
12)修补
13)摄影和航拍
14)国际旅行

这个需要半年到一年时间来完成

海洋太神奇,我一直没明白,朋友圈喜欢赞我们缅因荒岛系列,甚至超过阿拉斯加海洋冰川探险,也许是荒野文化是赢家,荒野是一种去浮躁,静心感受小岛和大海文化。中国英雄探险的事件不算少,光今年在试图绕中国海岸线的就3, 横渡大西洋的有一。可是很少俱乐部在探索高端适合文化精英的水上皮划艇项目,我们一直在做实验,从ipswich到缅因,发现喜欢这种过夜活动远远超过预期。 从老极,闪米特,行少,这些国内户外顶级大侠赞我们的缅因系列,似乎证明了英雄所见略同。 

在皮划艇高品质活动上,国内在思考中,到底高端是装B,还是回归简单纯朴我们缅因活动给出了答案。装B敌不过机动船,装酷敌不过帆船,每项运动都有长有短,皮划艇的简单,丰富海岸线(包括海产),靠人力和毅力则是别的水上运动无法比, 知彼知己才是王道。 荒野文化是海洋舟的精髓, 大航海属于帆船领域,机动船是伪户外爱好者的天地

回归江河回归大海!回归纯朴和简单!
—————————

kurtyang04 于 2017-10-28 03:42:49 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-08 08:39:03
Post #3
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 “移动的独木舟颇像一叶风中摇曳的芦苇。宁静是它的一部分,还有拍打的水声,树中的鸟语和风声。荡舟之人是独木舟的一部分,从而也与它所熟悉的山水融为一体。从他将船桨侵入水中的那一刻起,他便与它一起漂流,独木舟在他的手下服服帖帖,完全依照他的意愿而行。船桨是他延长的手臂,一如手臂是他身体的器官。划独木舟的感觉与在一片绝好的雪坡上滑雪几近相同,带着那种轻快如飞的惬意,小舟灵活敏捷,任你摆布;划独木舟还有一种与大地和睦相处,融为一体的感觉。然而,对于一个划独木舟的人而言,最重要的莫过于当他荡起船桨时所体验的那种欢乐。

划桨和荡舟的感觉中有魔力,那是一种由距离、探险、孤独和宁静融合在一起的魔力。当你与自己的独木舟融为一体时,便与独木舟所经过的山水密不可分”

这就是荒野皮划艇的感觉,与非荒野皮划艇最大区别就是离开嘈杂的人间越远越好,夜晚是在荒无人烟岸边或小岛度过,那么你的行囊跟着船儿走向远方。
 
旧帖 2017-09-08 09:42:04
Post #4
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 第一章:路线

路线的选择来自丰富经验的领队,海洋合格领队培养需要2-4 年时间, 白水需要同样时间,静水大概3个月到12月不等

路线是关于什么人参加,什么时间,什么地点,多长的信息策划。

在中国,需要根据当地有经验的渔民或皮划艇爱好者的信息,加上海洋地图或河流有关地图,加上领队丰富经验和判断力,综合起来的设计。

在北美,地区向导丛书或者过去活动报告提供了最直接最有用的探险信息,然后根据地图和经验再设计
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-15 23:47:20 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-09 02:21:46
Post #5
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 http://www.kayarchy.co.uk/html/02technique/009seakayaktrips/001organisingadaytrip.htm#tripplanning 解释了有关问题

Trip planning

Who?

Perhaps the single most important question. Until you have seen all your group in action, we suggest you assume (whatever they told you on the phone) that they cannot reliably roll their kayaks, or carry out a tow or deep-water rescue.
Unless you are sure that everybody in the group can reliably roll, tow and rescue, you will need the support of at least one "safety kayaker" who does have those skills and equipment. If one of you is carrying out a rescue the other can shepherd the rest of the group. This is particularly important with groups of young people because as soon as your back is turned, probably some are getting anxious and others are horsing around.
For a mixed-ability group going outside sheltered waters it will seldom be enough to have one expert leader and one competent safety kayaker. A few trips will require one expert for every intermediate kayaker.
When?
Is it the right time of year? Well-equipped experts can enjoy a surf trip in the middle of winter. In a cool climate, six months of the year are best left to them. The other half of the year is good for intermediate kayakers, with a reminder that in early spring, sea temperatures are only a few degrees higher than in mid-winter so maybe they should wear clothing for winter. For novices in a cool climate, sea trips are probably best left until the latter half of summer.
Where?
Ideally, don't lead a group of mixed-ability kayakers along a particular section of coast until you have already explored it yourself in similar conditions.
Probably the most important issues are the extent to which the coast is exposed to the open ocean, and the distance you will be going from a harbour, beach or other safe shelter.
Exposed coast. An exposed section of coastline is one which is strongly affected by wind and waves coming directly from the ocean.
If the prevailing wind (blue arrow) blows across a wide expanse of open ocean, there may at any time be oceanic groundswell surging over reefs and into caves. In windy conditions there will probably be a heavy surf on the beaches and waves exploding on the cliffs to send spray high into the air.
Wind, waves and tidal currents are always strongest at a headland. Lands End in Cornwall projects far out into the Atlantic and is exposed to oceanic wind and waves over 100 degrees of the circle. There is nothing closer than America to break the prevailing wind and the Isles of Scilly do little to break up the swell created by mid-Atlantic storms.
There is usually quite big surf at Sennen Cove, which is the beach next to Lands End. When a big swell is running, one wave bigger than the rest can unexpectedly touch bottom on submerged rocks and break even in quite deep water.
In addition, there is a high tidal range in the Lands End area, which means strong tidal streams. Even in the open sea, the tide regularly creates currents of 2.6 knots. There is a tide race, usually benign but often very fast, just off Lands End. This is not a sensible place to take a group of beginners, and it is suitable for intermediate kayakers only if you have the right combination of good weather and moderate tides.
 
旧帖 2017-09-13 02:06:45
Post #6
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 磨小编也在推广皮划艇运动,在首页上推荐了该篇文章
 
旧帖 2017-09-13 02:09:56
Post #7
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 关于什么人, 因为有专门一章讨论该内容,我们不深入讨论,在策划这节

www.kayarchy.co.uk 说道了时间,地点,和里程问题。

When?
Is it the right time of year? Well-equipped experts can enjoy a surf trip in the middle of winter. In a cool climate, six months of the year are best left to them. The other half of the year is good for intermediate kayakers, with a reminder that in early spring, sea temperatures are only a few degrees higher than in mid-winter so maybe they should wear clothing for winter. For novices in a cool climate, sea trips are probably best left until the latter half of summer.
Where?
Ideally, don't lead a group of mixed-ability kayakers along a particular section of coast until you have already explored it yourself in similar conditions.
Probably the most important issues are the extent to which the coast is exposed to the open ocean, and the distance you will be going from a harbour, beach or other safe shelter.
How long?
Anybody can walk or kayak three miles (5 km). A fit person can easily walk 10 miles or paddle a classic sea kayak 15 miles (25 km) in good conditions. If you are on a mission you can walk 25 miles or kayak 40 miles (65 km) although you may not be much use at work the next day.
For trips by experienced adults in true sea kayaks, a round trip totalling 12-15 miles (20-25 km) is a good total length to start with. If you have to mix sea kayaks and short boats on the same trip, make it 6 - 9 miles (10-15 km).
It may be OK to finish an advanced trip for adults with everybody exhausted, but if there are children in the group it is probably best if, at the end of the trip, they feel they could go straight out and do it again. 5 miles (8 km) may be good.
 
旧帖 2017-09-13 02:13:45
Post #8
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 什么时候?
这是正确一年时间吗?装备齐全的专家可以在冬季享受冲浪之旅。在凉爽的气候下,天气不太好的半年时间可以留给冲浪。另一半的年份对于中级皮划艇运动员来说是更实用。提醒人们,在初春,海温比冬季只有高几度,所以也许应该穿冬季保暖服装(干衣或湿衣)。对于寒冷气候的新手,海上旅行可能最好留到夏季开始的下半年

哪里?
理想情况下,不要在一段特定的新路线海岸带领一群级别参差不齐的皮划艇爱好者,除非你已经在类似的条件下自己探索过。
最重要的因素可能是海岸暴露于开放海洋的程度以及距离海港,海滩或其他安全庇护所的距离

多久?
任何人都可以划皮划艇3英里(5公里)。一个身体比较适合运动的人可以轻松地划10英里,或者在一个生体良好的条件下,经过一个经典的海上划艇行驶15英里(25公里)。有时您状态特别好,行25英里或皮划艇40英里(65公里)是可能动,但您可能在第二天身体疲惫 。
经验丰富的成年人在真正的皮划艇旅行中,总共12-15英里(20-25公里)的往返行程是一个很好的总长度。如果您必须在同一行程中混合了海上皮划艇和短艇,则可以考虑6 - 9英里(10-15公里)。
如果有小朋友, 5英里(8公里)可能会很好。

书中说的与我十年经验基本是吻合的。
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-13 02:59:13 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-15 01:37:05
Post #9
Re: 水上荒野技术指南
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 风险评估

http://www.kayarchy.co.uk/html/02technique/009seakayaktrips/001organisingadaytrip.htm#tripplanning

Risk assessment is an essential concept for kayak coaches and guides and worthwhile for club leaders. Kayaking is an adventure sport and kayakers voluntarily take risks. Even in a workplace, the purpose of risk assessment is not to eliminate all risk but to think about the hazards of a particular activity and decide what is acceptable.
Low risks can often be disregarded. If you realise there is a moderate risk which could be eliminated without too much trouble or money, you may decide to do so. If a leader decides not to eliminate that risk, should (s)he discuss it with the group? If you realise there is a high risk, you may decide to relocate or cancel the activity until circumstances are more favourable, for example when the weather is better or you have one or two more experienced kayakers in the group.
The Health & Safety Executive says that a workplace risk assessment is "nothing more than a careful examination of what... could cause harm to people so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm...
1. Look for hazards.
2. Decide who might be harmed, and how. 
3. Evaluate the risks and decide whether existing precautions are adequate or more should be done. 
4. Record the findings. 
5. Revise the assessment if circumstances change.


风险评估是皮划艇教练和指导的重要概念,值得俱乐部领导。皮划艇是探险运动,皮划艇自愿冒风险。即使在工作场所,风险评估的目的不是消除一切风险,而是考虑特定活动的危害,并决定什么是可接受的
低风险往往被忽视。如果你意识到没有太多麻烦或金钱就可以消除中等风险,你可能会这样做。如果领导人决定不消除这种风险,那么他应该和小组讨论吗?如果您意识到风险很高,您可以决定搬迁或取消活动,直到情况更为有利,例如当天气更好或您在组内有一到两名经验丰富的皮划艇骨干。
健康与安全执行官一种概念,工作场所的风险评估只不过是仔细检查可能对人造成伤害的事情,以便您可以衡量是否采取了足够的预防措施,或者应该采取更多措施来防止伤害。 。


1 寻找危险。
2.决定谁可能受到伤害,以及如何发生。
3.评估风险,并确定现有的预防措施是否足够或应该做更多。
4 记录调查结果。
5.如果情况发生变化,修改评估。


风险评估是区分新老司机最重要指标之一,是影响到活动安全保障和最终活动质量的关键因素
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-15 23:42:22 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-16 00:28:03
Post #10
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书与带队华人 ...
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 第二章 选择队员

是所有问题里最复杂一个, 作为领队,你可能是队员的保姆和心理医师

* 效率最高是 5-6人
* 安全角度,最低是 5-6人,5-6个精兵强干可以搭设比较强大的救援力量
*超过6人,不但事情效率可能开始变得超低, 要协调的事是成倍增加
* 超过6人,暴露的安全漏洞会越多

* 对于超过3天的旅途,人的弱点开始放大暴露,丑陋的东西很可能平时发现不了, 个别同学开始失去控制自己
*对于一个中高级探险活动,磨合不可少


以上来自接近1000人漂流/海洋活动的总结
kurtyang04 于 2017-09-16 02:02:13 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-09-16 02:02:47
Post #11
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 Perhaps the single most important question. Until you have seen all your group in action, we suggest you assume (whatever they told you on the phone) that they cannot reliably roll their kayaks, or carry out a tow or deep-water rescue.
Unless you are sure that everybody in the group can reliably roll, tow and rescue, you will need the support of at least one "safety kayaker" who does have those skills and equipment. If one of you is carrying out a rescue the other can shepherd the rest of the group. This is particularly important with groups of young people because as soon as your back is turned, probably some are getting anxious and others are horsing around.
For a mixed-ability group going outside sheltered waters it will seldom be enough to have one expert leader and one competent safety kayaker. A few trips will require one expert for every intermediate kayaker.

也许是最重要的一个问题。 直到你看到所有的小组在行动中,我们建议你假设(无论他们在电话中告诉你什么),他们不能可靠地滚动他们的皮划艇,或进行拖船或深水救援。
除非您确定该组织中的每个人都可以可靠地滚动,拖曳和拯救,否则您将需要至少一名具有这些技能和设备的“安全皮划艇”的支持。 如果你们中的一个人正在进行救援,另一个人可以牧养其余的人。 这对于年轻人来说尤为重要,因为一旦你的背部转身,可能有些人越来越焦急,而其他人正在挨饿。
对于一个混合能力组织进入庇护水域,很少有足够的专家领导和一个合格的安全皮划艇。 每个中间皮划艇旅行人员都需要一名专家。
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 03:45:04
Post #12
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 第三章 露营

Kayak-based camping

A deserted beach, an unspoilt area, silence except for waves and bird calls, fabulous sunsets. Kayak camping can be a magical experience anywhere from Thailand to Greenland.
Change campsite every day, or kayak to some perfect island site, set up a base camp and explore from there?
The former is more romantic, the latter means you have the pleasure of exploring in unladen kayaks.
The "base camp" approach can be good in wet weather when moving camp a lot means you put a wet tent and a damp sleeping bag into your kayak every morning, and take it out even damper every afternoon. Paddling a laden kayak for long hours every day can eventually give you bruised palms and tenosynovitis.
Then again, Keith lives in Wales (not a notoriously dry part of the world) and says "with the right kit and technique I find it straightforward to stay warm, dry and clean in the foulest weather" and he comments that his expedition kayak is "great to paddle fully laden - very stable and easy to keep up to speed. Handles rough water much better than when empty too."
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 03:47:05
Post #13
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 一个荒凉的海滩,一个未受破坏的地区,宁静,除了波浪声和鸟的欢叫,还有美妙的日落。皮划艇露营目的地可以是从泰国到格陵兰岛的神奇体验。

每天更改露营地,或者划皮划艇到一个完美的岛屿,建立一个大本营,并从那里探索?

前者更浪漫,后者意味着您有在空载皮划艇探索的乐趣。

“营地为基地”方式更适合潮湿的天气下,可以很好避开很多,你每天早晨将一个湿帐篷和一个潮湿的睡袋放入皮划艇,每天下午都要把它拿出来。

每天长时间装载一艘负重的皮划艇,最终可能会给您造成伤痛的手掌和腱鞘炎。

再次,基思住在威尔士(是世界臭名昭着下雨的地区),并说:“用正确的工具包和技术,我发现在最恶劣的天气中保持温暖,干燥和干净,他说,他的远征皮划艇是“很好的划完全负载皮划艇 - 非常稳定也可保持速度,处理风浪的水面比空的好多了”。
kurtyang04 于 2017-10-28 04:34:21 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 04:18:28
Post #14
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 雨中露营是露营技术的关键之一大师Alderson在他经典书说到几个有灵感的要点


1)一双干脚可以让人忍受更多艰辛困难,所以保证露营期间脚温暖和干燥很重要,一双防水或干躁袜子必须
2)遮雨的宽沿帽
3)如果没有雨衣或防雨帽,潜水帽和划艇服可以替代
4)在防雨大帘,或帐篷里,脱掉雨衣雨裤。 “我觉得防止带水进帐篷为主要,大师说防止过度汗水,其实还好,下雨天在新英格兰温度一般比较冷
5)有一套完全干的衣裤非常重要
6)在雨中,可以尝试不穿什么,你会发现不是雨让你不舒服,而是湿透的衣裤是问题的来源
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 04:52:54
Post #15
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 • Tent. Ideally a dome tent or tunnel tent consisting of a waterproof flysheet with bell ends, and a separate inner tent with panels of mosquito net and a sewn-in groundsheet which extends 10 cm up the sides. The flysheet keeps the rain off the inner tent and you can store all your spare equipment under the ends. Camping in some areas is permitted only if the tent is very small, and dark green in colour. For real wilderness areas there is something to be said for yellow or orange tents - they're a lot more cheerful inside if you spend a rainy day in your sleeping bag, reading. Some cheap supermarket tents are surprisingly good. Tents made of cotton canvas are comfortable for base camp but very heavy and bulky so they are not suitable for kayak camping.
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 04:55:02
Post #16
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 水上露营是容忍器材的不专业,更适合大众的生活观念把

背包客一直纠结重量,为了重量,挑剔到一种极致

哪怕我们不做背包客,我们观念很多来自背包客,做皮划艇露营是不同的概念,这个做好,很有意思对背包客的特性和水上露营特性,有了很有意思区别和了解,当然打开我们更大的脑空间
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 04:57:29
Post #17
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 也解释今年夏天,水上露营推广的速度在BOSTON附近是背包族速度的十倍以上, 只要解决了皮划艇器材问题,皮划艇露营受欢迎程度比CAR CAMPING和背包客要高,问题还是在皮划艇器材瓶颈上

就是说WALMART的帐篷在背包客里,被人嘲笑,在水上露营,那种宽大让人在雨天躲在里面很开心
—————————
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 05:04:07
Post #18
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 穿插好文章:
原创 2017-10-27 登山知识 

NxpSq3GMKA3WbcLZFa/U1mBCpBAQN1Sj6##" rel="external">雪线之上

秋天是露营的黄金季节,但是只有充分准备,才能成功的开始第一次秋季露营。



你可能已经体验过了夏季露营,但天气转凉,就准备窝在家养秋膘。其实,露营不仅仅是夏天的活动,秋季仍然是很好的露营季节。


相比于夏季,秋季景色独特,别有风味,只要做足准备,也可以享受露营乐趣。

秋季露营正当时
天气变凉并不应该成为不再去露营的理由,因为相比于夏季,秋天不仅山野风景独特,而且蚊虫稀少。如果你刚体验过了夏季露营,此时开启第一次秋季露营,可以收获夏季体会不到的快乐。

天高云淡——秋天的气候趋向稳定,相比于夏天容易遭遇的烈日和雷雨,秋天的山野气候稳定,天空澄澈,很适合登高望远。



红叶满山——夏天山野满眼绿色难免单调,而秋天的山野红叶绚烂,可以让你饱览秋色斑斓。


蚊虫稀少——夏季露营的一大困扰就是蚊虫众多,这也是很多人对露营不抱好感的原因。而秋季则可以避开蚊虫骚扰。

降温让山野变得宁静,你有足够的理由走入山野,仰望星空。


秋天的美景在向你招手,但贸然开始一次秋季露营也是不可取的,如果你决定开始,不能照搬夏季露营的经验和装备,秋季露营需要一些全新的准备。

路线规划  成功10%
如果第一次秋季露营成功的标准是100%,规划线路就是最基础的10%。在夏季露营时,你很容易就能找到山中路径,秋季由于落叶增多,可能覆盖线路。

所以在你出发前,可以找到有经验的队友同行,或者带上导航设备,谨防迷路。


时间规划  成功20%
规划的一方面是路线,另一方面就是时间,有了充足的时间规划,第一次秋季露营就成功了20%。

夏季露营时,昼长夜短,你走很久天都不会黑。秋季昼短夜长,你需要提前出发,尽早到达营地,避免天黑了还在赶路。


做到路线和时间的规划,你的秋季露营已经成功了20%,当这些工作完成之后,出门之前的你还要带对合适的衣服。
 
保暖衣物  成功30%
带上充足的衣物用于保暖,你离第一次秋季露营的成功就又近了一步。

夏天露营时,你可以穿个短袖就出发了,晚上冷了加件抓绒就行。秋季露营却不是这样,软壳、抓绒、棉服、甚至羽绒服你都应该纳入准备范围,包里有足够的保暖衣物,秋季露营时才有底气。


之所以秋季需要更多的保暖衣物,是因为山区的昼夜温差会变得更大。夏季时,你白天徒步时会大汗淋漓,晚上到营地还是会热。秋季你白天徒步时也会感觉很热,但到了晚上,气温会急剧降低。


只是身上穿得厚,还不足以站在瑟瑟秋风中。开始你的第一次秋季露营,除了带上厚衣服,还得备好帽子手套等小配件,它们能发挥保暖的大功效。

帽子手套  成功40%
一顶温暖的帽子,一双抓绒手套,第一次秋季露营带上这些,成功的指数就飙升到了40%。

戴上帽子就是留住温暖,正如《背包客手册》中所说,“如果你的脚冷,戴上一顶帽子”。因为大约40%的热量会通过头部散失。戴上手套,则可以保证手指温暖,在抓握登山杖和搭建帐篷时更为灵活。


保暖衣物、帽子手套,这些是开始秋季露营的首要装备,但还不是全部。如果你全身是汗,即使穿再多的衣物,也会在秋风中瑟瑟发抖。所以秋季露营时还需要穿上排汗衣。

穿上排汗衣  成功50%
在你的贴身的一层,穿上户外专用的排汗内衣,你的第一次秋季露营就成功了一半。

你前往营地的过程中需要徒步,此时身体发热出汗,如果贴身的衣物没有排汗功能,穿再厚也会觉得湿冷。


在夏季,山友们通常都会穿上速干衣,到了天气转凉的秋季,速干衣已经不能满足要求,既能排汗又能保暖的排汗内衣是更好的选择。


保暖衣物结合排汗衣,相信你在秋天的营地已经不会挨冻了。但这只是天气晴朗的情况,如果遇上了绵绵秋雨怎么办?所以你还得备上一件雨衣。

带上雨衣  成功60%
包里再装上一件雨衣,第一次秋季露营就成功了60%。

夏天去露营你尚且会带上雨衣,别以为到了秋天就能避免湿身了,和夏天突发的雷雨不同,秋雨通常是绵绵不绝的,而且每一滴雨水都透着凉意,所以记得带上一件雨衣,谨防可能的坏天气。


保暖衣物、帽子手套、排汗衣和雨衣,开始你的第一次秋季露营,背包里少不了这些装备,他们是你在山野中白天不会冻成狗的保障。

当夜晚来临,你在营地扎好帐篷准备入睡时,凉如水的秋夜又会对装备提出新的要求。

带上羽绒睡袋  成功70%
在秋天露营,你不能还是用夏天的睡袋,在第一次秋季露营时准备一个羽绒睡袋会让成功率提升至70%。

在夏季露营时,抓绒睡袋,棉睡袋,甚至一条增温内胆都可以凑合一夜,但如果秋季露营你还是带这些就悲剧了。

秋季露营,需要选择更保暖的羽绒睡袋,如果选错睡袋,很容易在半夜冻醒,或者无法入眠。


睡袋是安睡的保障,但光有睡袋也不能舒适睡眠。开始你的第一次秋季露营,你可能需要审视下自己的睡垫,看看它能不能隔绝秋季山野的冰凉。

带上一个好睡垫  成功80%
一个隔绝冰冷地面的睡垫,是你第一次秋季露营迈向成功的最后冲刺,它能让成功率抵达80%。

在夏季露营时,你很容易忽视睡垫,因为夏季本就炎热,你可能随便垫点衣服,或者用一块廉价的泡沫垫。在秋季,你需要真正具有隔热功能的泡沫垫,或者保暖性能更好的充气睡垫,才能睡个好觉。


有了温暖的羽绒睡袋和隔热的睡垫,你在秋季的山野已经足以入睡。但做到这些,还不能称之为100%成功的秋季露营,除了入睡,你还得睡得舒适。

来顿热食  成功90%
在第一次秋季露营时,在营地吃顿热食,可以极大提升幸福感,露营成功的指数也上涨到90%。

在夏季露营时,你可能带点干粮也能凑合,但秋季再不吃热食,可能胃里就很难受了。所以带上炉具,在秋季的营地吃顿热食,让露营体验更加。


热食入口,你的秋季露营已经趋于完美。相信你对露营生活的美好感受也会大幅提升,在第一次秋季露营的最后,你还可以用一些小技巧,更温暖地入眠。

自制热水袋  成功100%
羽绒睡袋,隔热睡垫,再加上热食,你进入帐篷准备睡觉时已经很舒服,但还需要最后的一步来保证温暖入眠,让第一次秋季露营达到100%的美好。

温暖入眠有一个小技巧,你可以把灌满热水的水瓶塞进干净的袜子里,制作出一个热水袋,然后放入睡袋中,它会给你提供持续的热量。


写在最后
秋色正好,开始第一次秋季露营也恰逢其时。气温降低不能削减走向山野的热情,只要准备充足,你便能享受一次完美的秋季露营:

行前先规划,路线与时间。

衣物要带够,帽子加手套。

贴身穿排汗,雨衣备急需。

羽绒睡袋暖,睡垫别凑合。

睡前吃热食,入眠享温暖。
 
旧帖 2017-10-28 06:04:45
Post #19
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 最简单的经典方式:

BIVY+ TARP

 
旧帖 2017-10-28 06:07:56
Post #20
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 如果您在北美,那么还有一种很好的BIVY选择:军队用BIVY, Ebay 有卖,很便宜

 
旧帖 2017-10-29 16:55:13
Post #21
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
流浪不等寒酸 离线 流浪不等寒酸
kurtyang04 wrote:
最简单的经典方式:

BIVY+ TARP


简单实用

----------------------------------------
穷游践行者

 
旧帖 2017-10-30 16:29:41
Post #22
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
湘琴 离线 湘琴 图一美呆了。
 
旧帖 2017-11-02 01:31:47
Post #23
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 http://www.kayarchy.co.uk/html/02technique/009seakayaktrips/002camping.htm#expeditionequipment

• Tent. Ideally a dome tent or tunnel tent consisting of a waterproof flysheet with bell ends, and a separate inner tent with panels of mosquito net and a sewn-in groundsheet which extends 10 cm up the sides. The flysheet keeps the rain off the inner tent and you can store all your spare equipment under the ends. Camping in some areas is permitted only if the tent is very small, and dark green in colour. For real wilderness areas there is something to be said for yellow or orange tents - they're a lot more cheerful inside if you spend a rainy day in your sleeping bag, reading. Some cheap supermarket tents are surprisingly good. Tents made of cotton canvas are comfortable for base camp but very heavy and bulky so they are not suitable for kayak camping.
Gore-Tex bivouac bags have neither pegs nor poles so they are very discreet and compact, and can be got cheaply from a military surplus shop. See Kayarchy Shopping. Bivvy bags are OK for sleeping, but they offer no comfort if you are awake and it is misty or raining.
Some kayakers take a sheet of thick polythene sheet the same size as the inner tent, and put it on the ground to prevent sharp vegetation puncturing the tent's groundsheet.
• Camping mattress. Sleeping pads made of closed-cell foam are cheap, tough, comfortable and don't get punctures but a full-length one is too big to fit through a kayak's deck hatches. They can be carried in a roll on the rear deck. A self-inflating mattress such as a Thermarest will fit into the kayak through a hatch.
• Sleeping bag with synthetic filling. Bags filled with duck down or goose down are wonderfully light and compact but very expensive, and if they get wet they have about the same bulk and warmth as a Pepsi-Cola can. Synthetic bags are quite heavy and bulky but they are good value and give good insulation even when wet. They usually have an outer layer of ripstop nylon and an inner lining of a polyester-cotton, filled with the same stuff as a good domestic quilt. In other words, polyester quilting. Trade names include Hollofil, Qualofil, Primaloft, Spirafil or Polarloft. There are different grades of filling. The better ones have springy hollow threads. They last longer, expand to be thicker and compress to be smaller than the cheap ones.
For most sea kayakers in a cool climate, the best solution is a warm mummy-shaped bag with a full-length double-ended zip, carefully made so that the polyester batts overlap like tiles on a roof (shingled). Manufacturer's ratings for sleeping bags assume that the user is used to cold conditions and will wear warm clothing in bed. We find that a sea kayak trip in Scotland in summer demands a bag rated at least "three seasons" or "down to 5°C". In cold weather, the mummy shape lets you pull the draw-cord and bring a hood up around your head so that only your nose is left sticking out. In hot weather, you can open the zip at the bottom and let fresh air get to your lower legs. Couples can get matching bags, one with a right-hand zip and one with a left-hand zip so they can be zipped together. This means not only added romance but an extra 5 degrees of warmth on a chilly night.
When a sleeping bag is rolled up in its "stuff sack" it probably won't fit through the kayak's hatches. Many people take a medium-sized dry-bag and put the empty bag into the kayak through the deck hatch. Then they stuff the sleeping bag into the drybag, roll up the neck of the drybag and seal it before putting on the lid of the hatch.
 
旧帖 2017-11-02 01:34:30
Post #24
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 •帐篷理想的是一个圆顶帐篷或隧道帐篷,包括一个带有喇叭口的防水翼片,以及一个独立的内部帐篷,配有蚊帐面板和一个缝制的地板,两侧延伸10厘米。飞行表将雨篷从内部帐篷中保存下来,您可以将所有备用设备存储在两端。在某些地区只允许露营条件帐篷很小,深绿色。对于真正的荒野地区,黄色或橙色的帐篷可以是不错颜色 - 如果你在睡袋里度过一个下雨天,阅读内容就会让人开朗。一些便宜的超市帐篷令人惊讶的好。由棉帆布制成的帐篷适合大本营,但非常沉重和庞大,因此不适合做皮划艇露营。

Gore-Tex BivY既没有钉子,也没有杆子,所以它们非常谨慎和紧凑,可以从军队多余供给商店便宜地获得。 Bivvy包可以用于睡觉,但如果你迷雾或下雨醒着,他们不提供舒适。

一些皮划艇爱好者拿一张与内帐篷相同的厚度的聚乙烯薄片,放在地上,以防止尖锐的植被刺破帐篷的地板。

•露营床垫。由闭孔泡沫制成的睡垫便宜,坚韧,舒适,不会穿刺,但是全长的睡眠垫太大,无法塞进皮划艇甲板舱口。它们可以在后甲板上卷起来。一个自充气床垫,如Thermarest将通过一个舱口装入皮划艇。

•合成填充物的睡袋。充满鹅绒的袋子奇妙轻巧紧凑但非常昂贵,如果他们变湿,他们与百事可乐瓶有大致相同保暖。合成袋相当重,体积大,但价格合理,即使在潮湿的情况下也能保持良好的绝缘。他们通常有一层防撕裂尼龙和一层聚酯棉内衬,填充与一个好的家庭被子相同的东西。换句话说,聚酯绗缝。商品名称包括Hollofil,Qualofil,Primaloft,Spirafil或Polarloft。有不同等级的灌装。更好的有弹性空心线。它们持续时间更长,膨胀得更厚,压缩比便宜的更小。

对于大多数海洋皮划艇在凉爽的气候中,最好的解决方案是一个温暖的木乃伊袋,全长双头拉链,使得聚酯棉条像屋顶上的瓷砖重叠。制造商对睡袋的评级,假设用户习惯于寒冷的环境,并在床上穿上温暖的衣服。我们发现,夏季在苏格兰的海上皮划艇旅行需要一个至少“三季”或“低至5℃”的行李。在寒冷的天气,MUMMY的形状让你拉扯绳索,并在你的头部附近有一个罩,只有你的鼻子留下来。在炎热的天气,您可以打开底部的拉链,让新鲜空气进入你的小腿。情侣可以获得匹配的包,一个是右手的拉链,一个是左手的拉链,可以压缩在一起。这意味着不仅在寒冷的夜晚增加了浪漫,还增加了5度的温暖。

当一个睡袋在其“麻袋”中卷起来时,它可能不适合通过皮艇的舱口。许多人拿着一个中等大小的干袋,把空包放进皮划艇穿过甲板舱口。然后他们将睡袋放入干袋中,卷起干袋的颈部,然后将其密封,然后放在舱口盖上
kurtyang04 于 2017-11-02 23:22:55 编辑
 
旧帖 2017-11-03 02:55:39
Post #25
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 在DIAZ的书中说到四点

1)帐篷要足够大, 感觉大是首选,能够放其他器材,如救生衣,鞋子,衣裤,包,皮划艇露营东西是蛮多
2)通风要好,否则湿气会凝结
3)长度要能塞进舱里
4)挡雨布应该全尺寸,否则,竿子锈蚀很厉害。这个我领教任何铁的部件,都可能腐蚀得快。
 
旧帖 2017-11-13 06:38:38
Post #26
Re: 水上皮划艇荒野技术指南 ---- 结合西方教科书
 
kurtyang04 当前在线 kurtyang04 第四章 皮划艇器材和方式

租借

自带硬艇

自带折叠艇,最常见和灵活一种
 
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