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旧帖 2012-11-01 14:45:02
Post #1
潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGHIJKLMN 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉

潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGHIJKLMN 持续更新中。。。

最近迷潜水,明年四月份去考证,照例地点学校装备潜水知识神马的一通搜,发现有些东西也许不止我一个人用得到。于是整理列出来下下。。。。
首先从潜水术语开始吧,按照英文字母的顺序排列,今天从A开始。因为是从国外网站上找的,而自己的英语也就麻麻滴,所以凑合着看吧。

Absolute Pressure   绝对压强
The total pressure exerted on a body. This is equal to the sum of gauge and atmospheric pressure
身体外部的总压强, 等于大气压强+测量出来的压强


Actual Bottom Time (ABT)  实际水底时间

Total elapsed time in minutes from leaving the surface until direct ascent to the surface.
从离开水面到直到下次出水面的分钟数

Air  压缩空气

A compressed breathing gas mixture containing 21% oxygen, 78% nitrogen, and 1% other gasses (mainly argon). Compressed air is used for recreational scuba diving.
包括21%的氧气78%的氮气以及1%的其他气体(主要是氩气)的一种压缩过的用于呼吸的气体,压缩空气用来娱乐水肺潜水


Air Compressor   空气压缩器

A machine that compresses or pressurizes air. For scuba purposes, air is compressed from the atmospheric level (14.7 psi at sea level) to the capacity of the tank, usually between 2500-3000 psi.

用来压缩空气的机器,水肺潜水中空气被从等同大气压压缩进气瓶里,通常在2500-3000PSI 之间。(海底气压大约14.7psi)

Air Consumption  空气耗费量

The depletion of breathing gas by a diver during the course of a dive.
在潜水课程中潜水者吸空压缩空气的过程


Air Embolism   空气栓赛
A condition that occurs when air enters the bloodstream through a ruptured lung. The air in the bloodstream then forms bubbles, which can block blood flow to the body's tissues.
党空气通过断裂的肺部进入血液的情况,血压中的空气会形成气泡接着会堵塞血管,使血液不能流向各个组织

Air Pressure   气压

The force per unit area exerted by the weight of air. At sea level the air pressure is 14.7 psi. Air pressure decreases at altitude.
由每单位空气重量引起的压力。海里的压强大概为 14.7PSI ,  海拔越高气压越小

Alpha Flag  

An International maritime signal flag, meaning, 'Diver down, keep clear'.
一种国际的海上信号旗,代表: 下面有潜水者,请绕行。

Alternate Air Source   备用空气资源

A redundant air supply. This allows a diver to make a slow, safe ascent to the surface in case of an out of air emergency. This can be either an octopus second stage or a separate tank and regulator.
一种备用的空气补给,当潜水者不小心把压缩空气用光的时候可以起到紧急供给可以使钱使者安全慢慢的升到水面的装置。 可以是单独的罐或者主罐的一部分。

Alternoberic Vertigo

Un-even release of pressure from the inner ear. This willcause vertigo, dizziness and spins.
耳压释放不均匀 不平衡导致的眩晕,头昏眼花以及旋转

Altitude Sickness   高空病

An illness brought on by the sudden reduction in pressure of ascent to altitude.
由于海拔突然升高而引起压力下降引起的疾病

Ambient Light  自然光

It is the available natural sunlight underwater.
水下的自然可见光

Ambient Pressure 自然压力

The total pressure exerted on a body at depth. One atmosphere is about 14.7 pounds of pressure per square inch.
总的加注在身体上的压力。 一个大气压大约是14.7p/si

Analog Instrument

Device that uses a needle moving around a dial to provide information.


Anchor Line 锚绳

A rope, cable or chain that attaches a boat to its anchor.
绳子或者线缆用来把船绑在锚上

Anoxia  缺氧症

A medical condition caused by a severe lack of oxygen in the body.
由于身体中缺氧引起的一种医学情况


Aqua Lung   水肿呼吸器

The first self-contained-underwater-breathing-apparatus that used compressed air and a two-stage on demand regulator. The aqua lung was designed by Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan.
一种水下自我呼吸器械,。。。。。。。

Archimedes Principle  阿基米德原理

Any object wholly or partly immersed in fluid will be buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object.
任何物体全部或者部分浸在液体中的时候都可以。。。。。。。。。

Arterial Gas Embolism  动脉气体栓塞

The condition characterized by bubble(s) of air from a ruptured lung segment under pressure. The bubbles enter the pulmonary circulation and travel to the arterial circulation, where they may cause a stroke.
用在压力下破碎的呼吸器的气泡引起的一种症状,气泡进入肺部循环系统接着循坏到搏动的动脉。

Ascent Bottle   上升瓶

An extra cylinder of air used on deep dives to allow decompression stops without fear of running out of air. They come in many different sizes from 6 c.f. to a full 80 c.f. tank.
另外的圆形空气气缸用于深潜时候允许减压停止不用担心气体用光,有很多种不同的规格。

Ascent/Decent Line   下潜上浮绳

Line suspended from a boat or a buoy for a diver to use to control their rate of ascent or descent.
从船上或者救生圈上悬挂下去用来控制下潜和上浮的绳索

Asthma

A common condition manifested by narrowing of air passages within the lungs. One reason for the narrowing is excess mucous in the airway.


ATA  绝对大气

Atmosphere absolute. 1 ata is the atmospheric pressure at sea level and it is measured with a barometer.
绝对大气压。 1ata是用器具测量出来的海平面的大气压,用气压计测量

Atmospheric Pressure   大气压

The pressure of atmospheric gases at a given altitude or location. At sea level, this is 14.7 psi (bar).
在指定海拔或者位置的大气的压力,在海平面上是 14.7PSI

AWARE

Aquatic World Awareness, Responsibility and Education. A PADI nonprofit environmental foundation that provides financial support for aquatic preservation endeavors develops conservation-oriented educational materials and initiates public awareness campaigns.
水世界的知识责任和教育。PADI 非营利环境组织提供财务支持水。。。。。


发现翻译真实很费脑袋,不会了

苏拉_苏拉 于 2012-11-15 09:55:41 编辑

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-02 15:37:13
Post #2
Re: 潜水术语: ---A
 
loreaye 离线 loreaye 楼主加油。。很有用
 
旧帖 2012-11-05 11:33:12
Post #3
Re: 潜水术语: ---A
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 B


Backward Roll Entry  后向翻转入水

Entering the water in SCUBA gear from a sitting position. This type of entry is commonly made from the side of a boat. The diver, while securely holding his mask and checking for an all clear in the water behind them, leans backward and rolls into the water.
带着或者穿着潜水装备从坐姿入水。这种入水方式一般从船的一侧。需要潜水者紧紧护住面镜并且确保身后的水面安全后,倾斜后向翻转入水。


Barotraumas  气压性创伤

An injury due to unequal air pressure between a space inside the body and the ambient pressure outside the body. This injury can also occur when air pressure is unequal between two spaces within the body. Two examples of this are arterial gas embolism and pneumothorax.
因为身体内外的压力不同引起的一种伤害,当身体内部两个部分的压力不相同的时候也会发生,两种典型的例子是 动脉气体栓赛和气胸。


BC or BCD


See buoyancy compensator.
参考中性浮力补偿。


Bends

See decompression sickness
参考潜水减压病


Bezel  斜面

A rotating, marked, luminous outer ring on instruments, such as on a watches or on a compass, and are used to mark key points such as a bearing or lapse time.
器具上的一个旋转的显著的发光的外环,比如在罗盘上或者手表上的,用来在方向或者下降时间中记录要点

Bootie

A piece of foot protection usually made of neoprene, worn inside an open-heeled fin. A bootie protects the diver's feet while walking to and from the dive site and prevents blisters from the fins while swimming. They also provide warmth and come in a variety of sole thickness.
一般由橡胶制成的用来脚部保护的,穿在开放式脚蹼里边,
得去干活了。。。  回来继续。

Bottom Time

The time between the start of descending below the surface to the star of a direct ascent to the surface.
开始从水面下降到上升到水面的时间

Bow
船首
The front end of a boat. (pointy end)
船前面的边缘,尖头船头

Boyle's Law
波义耳定律
At a fixed temperature, the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure exerted on it (while one increases, the other decreases).
恒定的温度下,气体的体制与加在它上的压力成反比。

Breath-hold diving
屏气潜水 (其实俺很想说叫憋气潜水)
See free diving.
参考自由潜水

Buddy
潜伴
Diving partner who assumes an informal duty of watching out for the other member of their buddy team.
潜水伙伴有非正式的责任来关注潜水伙伴中其他人的状况。

Buddy Breathing
共同呼吸法
Two or more divers sharing the same air supply. This is an emergency technique used when a diver is low on air or out of air or when they have their equipment malfunction.
两个或者更多的潜水者公用一个空气补给。再某个潜水者压缩空气过少或者用光或者潜水器材故障的紧急情况下使用的一种紧急技术。

Buddy Line
潜伴线 (要把两个人拴在一起吗?真成一根绳上的ma zhang 了)
A safety line used to connect a buddy pair together.
把一对潜伴拴在一起的安全绳?  肯定安全距离不能太小也不能太大

Buoyancy
浮力
The upward force exerted on an object immersed in a liquid. This force is equal to the weight of the water that has been displaced by the object. Objects that float are positively buoyant, those that sink are negatively buoyant and those that stay where placed are neutrally buoyant.
中学物理课有很好的解释了   我在这里就不说了阿  

Buoyancy compensator
浮力补给装置
An inflatable vest worn by the diver that can be automatically or orally inflated to allow the diver to control their buoyancy( abbreviated BC or BCD-Buoyancy Control Device).
潜水者穿的膨胀的背心可以自动的或者吹气使他膨胀让潜水者控制他们的浮力,  (原理:体积增大,收到的浮力增大)


Buoyancy Control
浮力控制
Controlling buoyancy with the use of a BCD, weights and the divers breathing cycle.
通过BCD,配重或者呼吸频率来调节控制浮力

Burst disk

Thin copper disk held in place with a vented plug. Designed to rupture if tank pressure is greatly exceeded.
固定位置的带有通气孔的薄铜片,当瓶子里的压力大幅度超过的时候会爆碎。

苏拉_苏拉 于 2012-11-11 09:52:38 编辑

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-05 11:35:15
Post #4
Re: 潜水术语: ---A
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 CAGE
脑动脉气体栓塞
Cerebral arterial gas embolism. See Arterial Gas Embolism.
参考动脉气体栓塞

Capillary Depth Gauge
细管深度计
A small tube inside the depth gauge that uses Boyle's law to determine depth
在深度计里边的一个小管子根据波义耳定律来测定深度。


Carbon Dioxide
二氧化碳

CO2; an odorless, tasteless gas that is a byproduct of our metabolism. It makes up about 4 percent of the exhaled air excreted by the lungs. The level of CO2 in the blood regulates the respiration process.


Carbon Dioxide Toxicity
二氧化碳中毒
Problems resulting from buildup of CO2 in the blood. Symptoms may range from headache and shortness of breath, to sudden blackout.
血液中的二氧化碳累计引起的问题。征兆从轻度的头疼和呼吸困难到严重的忽然眩晕。

Carbon Monoxide
一氧化碳
CO is an odorless, tasteless and highly poisonous gas brought about by the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbon fuels.
一种无嗅无味的非常有毒气体由碳氢化合物不完全燃烧带来的

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
一氧化碳中毒
CO bonds with hemoglobin and prevents blood cells from carrying oxygen. This causes oxygen deprivation in the tissues and can even cause death.
一氧化碳与血细胞结合组织血细胞也氧气结合,导致各个组织缺乏氧气严重到导致死亡

Carbon Monoxide Toxicity
一氧化碳毒性
Illness from inhaling excess CO. Symptoms may range from headache to unconsciousness and death.
吸入过多一氧化碳。症状是从头疼到失去意识直至死亡

Cave Diving
洞穴潜水  难道就是简称洞潜的
This type of diving requires much specialized training and equipment. It involves diving into overhead environments like caves, abandoned mines or quarries and natural springs or sinkholes where the exit is not always visible. "Overhead environment" means a structure exists which prevents the diver from making a direct vertical ascent to the surface.
需要更多的训练以及装备。包括潜水进入特殊的环境像洞穴,废弃的矿或者采石场,天然的环形或者沉洞那些出口不明确的。Overhead environment  存在的建筑可以阻止潜水者直接上升到水面上的。。


Celsius
摄氏度
Metric unit for temperature. C=(F-32) x .556
温度的公制单位    C=(F-32)X0.556

Certification Card
认证卡
A card that shows a diver has achieved a certain level of dive training with a recognized training agency
一张卡片可以显示一个潜水者在一个认证潜水培训代理处达到了某种级别的潜水培训

cf

Cubic foot. A measurement of volume. Scuba cylinders are manufactured in standard sizes, such as 30, 50, 72 and 80 cf.
立方尺,体积的一个测量单位。水肺气缸的标准尺寸是 35,50,72,80 立方尺===

Charles's Law
查尔斯定律
A given volume of gas is directly proportional to absolute temperature, if the pressure is constant.
特定的气体体积是和绝对压强成正比的。

Closed Circuit Scuba
闭合循环水肺
A Closed Circuit Rebreather (CCR) is designed to allow divers to re-use exhaled air by removing the CO2 and adding a supplemental of 02. In contrast to "Open Circuit", closed circuit scuba is noiseless and produces no bubbles.
一个再呼吸装置设计用来允许潜水者重新利用呼出的气体通过过滤掉二氧化碳增加氧气,和开放循环不同,比和循环水肺寂静无声的而且使用时候没有气泡

CMAS

The Confederation Mondiale des Activites Subaquatiques (CMAS) is the World Underwater Federation. CMAS is the international umbrella organization for diver training organizations. It was founded in Brussels on September 28, 1958. One of the founding members was the French underwater pioneer Philippe Tailliez. As such, it is one of the world's oldest scuba diving organizations.


Computer
电脑
A device that monitors nitrogen in the body during a dive though mathematical algorithms. The device allows divers to multilevel dive and extends their bottom time beyond what a dive table allows.


Coral
珊瑚
Invertebrates that secrete an internal, hard skeleton structure composed of calcium carbonate, which is absorbed from the surrounding water.


Coral Reef
珊瑚礁
A massive underwater rocklike ridge or out crop created by the gradual accumulation of the skeletons of generations of coral polyps.


Coral Head
珊瑚岬
A protrusion on a coral reef formed by a colony of living coral polyps feeding and growing.


Core temperature
核心温度
98.6F is the normal internal temperature of the human body. Deviation from this temperature even a few degrees could be life threatening.
98.6F是人体的内部正常温度。即使小小的偏差都可能威胁生命

Cummerbund
腰带
An overlapping waistband with Velcro used to secure a Buoyancy Compensator snugly around the diver's waist.
环绕潜水者腰部的用来舒服的固定浮力补偿的用尼龙搭扣连接的腰带

Current
涌流
A horizontal movement of water. Currents can be classified as tidal and non-tidal. Tidal currents are caused by forces of the sun and moon and are manifested in the general rise and fall occurring at regular intervals and accompanied by movement in bodies of water. Non-tidal currents include the permanent currents in the general circulatory systems of the sea as well as temporary currents arising from weather conditions. For general rules: 1 to 2 knot current is Light, 2 to 3 knot current is Mild, 3 to 4 knot is Strong and 5 knot is Very Strong for the average diver!
海水的水平移动。涌流可以分为潮汐和非潮汐。 潮汐涌流是由太阳和月亮的引力引起的。非潮汐涌流包括永久涌流和临时涌流。前者是在海洋整体循环系统影响下,临时涌流是天气情况引起的。  大致的规律:1-2下打击力度是轻的,2-3下打击力度是中等的,3-4下是很强的,第五下打击力度非常强壮。
苏拉_苏拉 于 2012-11-11 11:17:01 编辑

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-05 11:35:55
Post #5
Re: 潜水术语: ---A
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 D.A.N

Divers Alert Network (D.A.N.) is nonprofit organization that provides dive emergency advice and assistance. They also provide information about diving injuries. DAN promotes diving-related medical research and education, collects injury statistics, and offers dive safety services to its members and the diving community.
DAN是一个提供潜水紧急建议和帮助的非营利组织。他们也提供潜水伤害的信息。DAN促进潜水相关的医疗研究和教育,收集伤害统计,并且提供给他的成员和潜水团体安全服务。

Dalton's Law
道尔顿定律
The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the pressures of each of the gases making up the mixture. Each gas is acting as if it alone was present and occupied the total volume.
混合气体的总体压力等于各个组成气体的压力之和。

Datum Line
基准线
A line used as a fixed reference to aid in an accurate survey of an area.
作为固定的参考标志的一条线,用于一个地区的精确调查

Decompression
减压
Returning to conditions of normal atmospheric pressure in a controlled environment such as a recompression chamber.
在类似再压缩的空间的控制环境中恢复到平常的大气压条件。

Decompression Dive
减压潜水
Any dive that exceeds the recreational, no-decompression limit. This type of diving requires a decompression schedule of stops before reaching the surface.
任何超出娱乐潜水。这种类型的潜水在潜到水面之前都需要一个减压的计划性休息。


Decompression Injury
减压损伤
DCI is a term to include all bubble-related injuries arising from decompression. This term includes both decompression sickness and arterial gas embolism.
DCI包括减压病已经动脉气体栓赛。是包括所有上升时候与减压有关气泡相关的损伤。

Decompression Sickness
减压病
DCS is a potentially dangerous medical problem resulting from nitrogen leaving the body when ambient pressure is lowered. If the nitrogen leaves the body too quickly, bubbles can form in the tissues and bloodstream of a diver's body. DCS can be divided into two Types. Type I shows musculoskeletal and/or skin manifestations only. Type II shows neurologic, cardiac, and/or pulmonary manifestations.
DCS是一种周围的环境压力比较低的时候身体里的氮气离开而引起的一种潜在的危险的医学问题。如果氮气离开的太快,潜水者身体各个组织和血流中会产生气泡,DCS分为两种,一种是表现在肌肉和皮肤中,第二中可以表现在心脏和肺中。

Decompression Stop
减压停顿
A scheduled stop in a diver's ascent to allow nitrogen to pass from body tissue back into the bloodstream at a safe rate. This is also known as off-gassing. When a decompression stop is not mandatory, it is called a safety stop.
一种上升的时候计划性停顿来让身体中的安全数量的氮气通过组织回到血流中。这也叫做off-gassing。当减压停顿不是强制的时候,就叫做安全停顿。

Deep Diving
深潜
A recreational dive at a depth of 60-130 ft. (18-40 meters).
潜到18-40的休闲潜水。

Delayed Surface Marker Buoy (DSMblack eye
定时水面标志浮标
Marker buoy deployed just before ascent. It is inflated underwater and released to indicate where a diver will surface.
上升之前展开的浮标,在水下膨胀并被释放现实潜水者马上上到水面。

DEMA

Dive Equipment and Marketing Association. DEMA is a non-profit organization of equipment manufacturers, training agencies, dive media, travel companies and dive retailers that seeks to promote scuba diving and snorkeling to the general public.
潜水装备和市场的联合。DEMA是一个装备制造,培训代理,潜水媒体,旅游公司和潜水传播者来宣传水肺潜水和浮潜的一个非营利机构

Demand Valve
需求阀
See second stage
参开二级头

Depth Gauge
深度计
An analog or digital instrument uses ambient pressure to show a diver their current depth below the surface.
一种模拟电子器具用周围的环境来显示潜水者目前水下深度。

Descent
下潜
Traveling from the surface to depth.
从水面潜到深处

Descent/Ascent Line
下/上潜绳
A line suspended from a boat, float or buoy that allows divers to control their descents and ascents. This control line also provides guidance to the bottom in poor visibility or strong currents. An ascent line helps divers to make safety or emergency decompression stops at 10-15 ft. (3-5 meters).
一个绳从船上浮漂或者救生圈上垂直悬挂下去让潜水者控制他们下降和上升。这种控制线也可以在视线不清楚地情况下提供底部指引。上升绳帮助潜水者安全紧急的减压停顿在每3-5米。

Diaphragm
震动薄膜
A dividing membrane or thin partition. The thin muscle separating the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity is the diaphragm. The rubber (or other material) separating the demand chamber in a regulator from the surrounding water is also called a diaphragm.
人体的一个小小部件。。。。难解释,看人体解剖图吧,胸腔和腹腔中间的那个小薄膜。

DIN Fitting

Deutsches Institut fur Normung. A screw-thread fitting for attaching a regulator first stage to a compatible pillar valve on a scuba tank. A DIN fitting allows for a higher working pressure than a yoke-type or A-clamp fitting. DIN fittings are most common among European diver.


Dive Center
潜水中心
A commercially run diving business that offers training classes, equipment sales and rental and organizes guided trips to local dive sites.
商业上运行潜水产业提供培训课程,装备销售和出租以及组织引领到当地潜点。

Dive Computer
潜水电脑
A digital device that constantly measures depth and time, based on a pre-programmed algorithm. A dive computer calculates tissue nitrogen loading and elimination in several theoretical compartments and provides a continuous readout of the dive profile. This gives a diver a range of information, including depth, elapsed time and duration of the dive at current depth before decompression becomes mandatory and a warning if the rate of ascent is too fast.


Dive Console

An instrument panel that can contain a tank contents gauge, depth gauge and a compass. A dive console can also consist of a dive computer and compass.


Dive Flag

May be either a red rectangle with a white diagonal stripe or a blue and white double tailed pennant. Flags are used to warn watercraft to stay away because there are divers below.


Dive Guide

An employee of a dive center or dive school who guides qualified divers around local dive sites.


Dive Leader

A diver in a buddy team that is designated (by agreement) to be the pacesetter and decision-maker on the dive.


Dive Light

Specially designed underwater light used for night, cave or wreck diving.


Dive Plan

A plan for a proposed dive. This plan should include the depth, dive duration, intended goals, entry point, exit point, underwater signals and back-up or contingency plan.


Dive Tables

A printed table of dive times for specific depths. Dive tables are used to help divers avoid DCS. Most dive tables are based on Haldanian theory for nitrogen loading and off-gassing.


Dive Time

The duration of a dive. Dive time starts when the diver leaves the surface and ends when they start their ascent to the surface.


Divemaster

A diver who is qualified to act as a dive guide, assist dive instructors and oversee the preparation of dives for paying dive customers. This is considered to be the first level of professional diving.


Dive Club

An organization offering diving instruction and diving activities on an amateur basis. In Europe, the term can refer to a dive center that offers dive training on a commercial level.


Diving School

A center that offers dive instruction on a commercial basis.


DPV(Diver Propulsion Vehicle)

A propulsion vehicle that is either ridden or clung on to by a diver to minimize swimming effort underwater. These vehicles are used in exploring large dive sites.


Drift Dive
漂流潜水
A dive where the diver is propelled along a route by underwater currents.
一种潜水者被海底涌流推动前进的潜水

D-Ring

A D shaped ring in metal or plastic that is use to attach equipment to your BCD while diving.


Drop-Off

A falling away of the seabed, such as a reef wall or rock shelf that descends steeply.
倾斜的海床。

Dry Suit

A water-tight exposure suit that keeps the diver's body warm by providing insulation with a layer of air. A dry suit offers a high degree of thermal protection in waters that are too cold for comfortable wetsuit protection, usually below 65'F.
防水保护服通过提供一层空气隔绝来保持潜水者身体温暖,

Dump Valve
安全阀
A one-way valve that releases air from an inflatable device.
从充气装置里边释放空气的单向阀门。

苏拉_苏拉 于 2012-11-15 09:49:01 编辑

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-05 12:31:28
Post #6
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD
 
allan_black 离线 allan_black 楼主真是强大啊
 
旧帖 2012-11-05 12:50:51
Post #7
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD
 
明媚pet 离线 明媚pet 我收藏了~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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一世温暖一室明媚

 
旧帖 2012-11-11 09:29:17
Post #8
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 EAN

Enriched Air Nitrox. See Nitrox


Epilimnion
温度跃变层
The layer of warmer water above a thermocline.
温度突变曾上面的比较温暖的水层

Ebb Current
落潮流
A movement of tidal current in a body of water that moves away from shore or down a tidal stream. This tide is flowing out or causing a lower water level.
潮汐涌流的一种运动,从岸边离开或者是落潮的水里。这种涌流会导致或者说跟着底水位。

Eddy

A circular movement of water, in a relatively limited area. This forms on the side of a main current and may be created at a point where the mainstream passes a projection or meets an opposite current.
水流的圆形流动,在一个相关狭窄的区域。这种会形成在主要涌流的一边,或者在主流已经过了最大的时候或者是碰到了相反方向的涌流时候会形成。

Equalization
平衡
The act of "clearing" the ears and sinus cavities until the pressure inside these air spaces is equal to the pressure of. See Valsalva maneuver.


Eustachian Tube
耳咽管
A short tube connecting the back of the nose to the middle ear. This is the tube through which air passes into the inter ear to achieve equalization. If this tube is clogged with mucus, equalization is almost impossible.
廉洁鼻子和中耳的一个短管。通过这个短管空气进入内耳从而达到气压平衡。如果这个管子被粘液阻塞,那么气压是不可能均衡的。

Exposure Suit
防护服
A garment worn by divers to prevent decreases in core body temperature and abrasions. There are three categories of exposure suits; wetsuits, semi-dry suit and dry suit. These categories are base on the amount of exposure protection.
潜水者穿的一种阻止体温下降和身体损伤的一种衣服。有三种防护服:湿的,半干的,干的。根据裸露处的防护范围来定义的。

苏拉_苏拉 于 2012-11-11 16:17:24 编辑

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-11 09:30:05
Post #9
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 Fahrenheit

The temperature scale used in the United States. F=(C/.556) +32


Fathom

A linear unit of measurement (equal to 6 feet) for water depth. Most commonly used on nautical charts. Depth = V x T/2


ffw

Stands for feet of fresh water. Measurement of depth in fresh water.


Finning

Kicking the feet rhythmically while wearing fins to product forward motion in the water.


First Stage

The main part of a scuba regulator. The first stage reduces the pressure of the air from the tank to 8-10 bar (140 psi) above ambient pressure. This allows the air to pass to the second stage for breathing by the diver. It is also supplies air to inflate the diver's BCD and to pressure gauges that display the remaining volume of air in the tank.


Foot Pocket

The part of a closed back fin that covers the whole foot.


Free Ascent

An ascent that is preformed without the use of a control ascent line or any other means of a reference point.


Forward Roll Entry

A method of entering the water while in full SCUBA gear from a boat or a pier by bending at the knees, firmly securing the mask and rolling forward into the water landing on one's shoulders and tank.


Free Diving

A form of diving in which the diver dose not have an air supply. The diver remains underwater only as long as they can hold their breath.


fsw

This means feet of sea water. Measurement of depth in sea water.



----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-11 09:30:43
Post #10
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 Galley

Kitchen on a boat.


Gas Embolism

See Arterial Gas Embolism (AGE).


Gas Analysis

A procedure used to determine the percentage of gas in a breathing mixture. It is normally used to determine the percentage of oxygen to within 1 %, to control the effects of oxygen toxicity. Most diving operations analyze for oxygen only. In Trimix's, it is be best to analyze for the inert gases as well.


Gas Laws

Laws that predict how gases will behave with changes in pressure, temperature and volume.


Gas Saturation

Gas saturation occurs when the level of dissolved gas in a particular body tissue has reached its maximum.


Gauge pressure

The surrounding water pressure measured by a gauge that does not take atmospheric pressure into account.


Giant Stride Entry

The most widely used method of entering water from a boat or pier. A standing diver takes a large step into the water while securely holding their mask, tucking their chin and bringing their fins quickly together for a controlled, feet first descent.


GPS (Global Positioning System)

A worldwide navigational system based on a ring of stationary satellites to determine an exact longitude and latitude position. Even small, handheld GPS devices can be used to accurately determine speed and direction of travel and pinpoint dive site locations.



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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-11 09:31:21
Post #11
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 H


Haldanian

Haldane's theory that nitrogen is absorbed and released in an exponential manner during a dive, and that there is some safe ratio of pressure change for ascent.


Half Time

Half the time it takes for a dissolved gas in a tissue (such as nitrogen) to equilibrate to a new pressure, or to reach full saturation at a new pressure. Theoretical tissue half times are used in designing dive tables and algorithms for dive computers.


Halocline

A Halocline is a change between layers of fluids of different densities. The most important to divers is the salt content of the water. This is not often apparent unless the change is big enough to cause buoyancy changes.


Hang Tank

An extra tank staged at the decompression stop. A hang tank found on the ascent line of a dive boat in case of emergencies.


Head

Bathroom on a boat.


Heliox

Mixture of helium and oxygen that is most commonly use for very deep diving.


Helium

Second lightest gas. Helium does not cause problems of narcosis to the same extent as seen with nitrogen, and is therefore used for very deep diving.


Henry's Law

The amount of any given gas that will dissolve in a liquid at a given temperature is a function of the partial pressure of the gas in contact with the liquid and the solubility coeffient of the gas in the liquid.


High Altitude Diving

Diving in mountain lakes or other high altitude waters at or greater than 1,000 feet (300 meters) above sea level. This type of diving has an increased risk of decompression sickness because of lower-than-sea-level atmospheric pressure at the surface. This requires special dive tables, dive computers and depth gauges. Specialty courses are available due to the complexity and added hazards of this activity.


Hoods

Garment worn over the head to reduce thermal loss. .


Hookah

A surface-supplied compressed air apparatus. This is used for diving in shallow, calm waters. The air is delivered to one or more divers through a long hose.


Hydrostatic Test

Pressure test in which the tank is filled with water instead of air and raised to five thirds the maximum working pressure, causing the water to expand and be displaced.


Hyperbaric Chamber

Air-tight chamber that can simulate the ambient pressure at altitude or at depth is used for treating decompression illness.


Hyperthermia

A body temperature warmer than normal. This is less common in diving than Hypothermia, but can occur from overheating in a wet suit.


Hyperventilation

Over breathing to the extent that the blood carbon dioxide level is lowered. This may lead to tingling in fingers and dizziness.


Hypothermia

A subnormal chilling of the body.


Hypoxic and Hypoxia

In general, these terms relate to a more than a normal amount of Oxygen. Hypoxic refers to a mixture of gases with higher than normal Oxygen content (above 21%). Hypoxia is the physiological condition associated with breathing too high of a partial pressure of Oxygen. The human body has a limit on both the partial pressure of Oxygen it can tolerate and the long term dosage of Oxygen. The partial pressure upper limit is generally considered to be approximately 1.6 ppO2 but most divers leave some margin for error and a more typical upper limit is 1.4 ppO2. When high partial pressures of Oxygen are inspired, convulsions may occur with little or no warning.


----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-11 15:46:01
Post #12
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCD 持续更新中。。。
 
lafeire 离线 lafeire 进来支持一下,楼主加油
 
旧帖 2012-11-14 11:58:40
Post #13
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
bibichette 离线 bibichette 楼主加油!继续阿!

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一个女子,如果拥有纯净的心灵和独行世界的勇气,那她就拥有了一切。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 00:06:30
Post #14
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
深蓝左道 离线 深蓝左道 5分送上
 
旧帖 2012-11-15 00:14:08
Post #15
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
rhymelin 离线 rhymelin 强帖,留位
 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:50:20
Post #16
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉
深蓝左道 wrote:
5分送上

哈哈  第一次有好评。。  多谢多谢。。

----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:52:30
Post #17
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 IANTD

International Association of Nitrox & Technical Divers. IANTD is an agency that offers training in all aspects of EANx through continuing education programs.


In-Gassing

When pressure increases, gas dissolves into a liquid until the amount of gas dissolving into and leaving the liquid is equal. When this occurs, the liquid is saturated with the gas.


Immersion Hypothermia

The lowering of body temperature when a diver is fully immersed in cold water without proper thermal protection.


Inflator Valve

A manually operated valve that puts compressed air into the buoyancy bladders of a BCD or into a dry suit.


Instrument Console

See Dive Console

----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:53:21
Post #18
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 J


Jacket, Diving

See Buoyancy Compensator


Jellyfish

Jellyfish are members of the cnidarians group of invertebrates. They are transparent and bell shaped with tentacles hanging down from their body. They are free-floating and seem serene, but in their tentacles there are stinging mechanisms that are used to catch prey and for defense.


Jetty

A structure that extends into a body of water such as a sea, lake or river. This structure is normally made of rocks or concrete and is used to protect a harbor against a current or tide.


J-Valve

Contains a spring loaded shut-off valve that holds a diver's air supply open with tank pressure until the pressure in the tank drops to between 300-500 psi. This remaining air acts as a reserve and can be accessed by pulling a lever attached to the valve. This type of valve is not normally used in diving today.

----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:53:53
Post #19
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 K


Kelp

A marine ecosystem that can be found around dense growths of seaweed.


Kicking Strokes

Controlled, rhythmic movements made with the legs when swimming underwater with fins.


Kilo/kg

A kilogram is a metric measure of weight. 1 kg = 2.21 pounds.


Knot

A unit of speed equal to one nautical mile (6080.20 ft.) per hour. This is equivalent to 1.689 feet per second. To convert feet per second into knots, multiply by 0.592.


K-Valve

A simple on and off valve.



----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:54:34
Post #20
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 L


Latent Hypoxia (Shallow Water Blackout)

A sudden unconsciousness from hypoxia (lack of oxygen) that occurs among some breath hold divers. The condition often occurs near the surface after a deeper dive.


Lift Bag

A bladder (balloon) type bag used for lifting heavy objects in water. The bag is tied to the object to be lifted and inflated with air. As the bag fills with air, it will start to rise.


Lift Capacity

The amount of buoyancy provided by a Buoyancy Compensator. The lift capacity will vary according to size and purpose of the BC. For example, a BC intended for use in cold fresh water will provide greater lift capacity than one intended primarily for use in warm salt water.


Live Aboard

A recreational diving boat that is equipped to conduct extended diving trips without returning to port. Recreational live aboard dive boats are between 50 and 130 feet long, can carry from 10 to 30 divers for up to a week or more, and provide eating and sleeping accommodations.


Logbook

A book that shows a divers dive history. This diary provides proof of the diver’s dive experience. The entries should include the depth and length of the dives and the diving environment (deep dive, night dive, wreck dive).


Long Shore Current

A current running parallel to the shore line.


Low Pressure Hose

The hose that connects the second stage to the first stage of a regulator. This type of hose is also used to connect the BC inflator to the first stage of the regulator.


Low Volume Mask

A mask with a smaller area between the glass and the diver's face. This type of mask normally comes with separate lenses for each eye and requires less air to purge if it becomes flooded

----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:55:08
Post #21
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGH 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 M


Marco Photography

Marco photography is used to get close-up pictures of a subject. This requires Marco accessories that are attached to the camera's lens.


Mask

A standard mask consists of a single or double (one for each eye) panel of tempered glass inside a plastic frame. The frame has a silicone skirt that forms an air tight seal against the face. A strap and buckles hold the mask in place.


Mask Fogging

Misting on the inside of a diver's mask. This is due to the accumulation of oils on the inside of the lens. These oils allow moisture to form much quicker.


Mask Squeeze

A painful condition caused by increasing water pressure against the diver's mask, causing the mask to be pressed against the diver's face. This happens during a rapid descent when the diver does not equalize his/her mask. This condition can cause permanent eye damage if not equalized. To prevent this from happening, a diver should equalize every few feet (or meter) while descending slowly.


Mediastinal Emphysema

Air from an over expanding lung escapes into the center of the chest. This puts pressure on the heart and major blood vessels, interfering with circulation. Symptoms are shortness of breath and feeling faint.


Middle Ear

An air space of the ear bordered on one side by the tympanic membrane (eardrum). This membrane is exposed to any change in ambient pressure. Air pressure in the middle ear space can only be equalized through the Eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear to the back of the nose.


Middle Ear Barotrauma (Middle Ear squeeze)

Damage done to the middle ear when a diver fails to equalize. The eardrum flexes inward, causing pain and discomfort. Blood and fluid from the surrounding tissue is forced by the water pressure into the unequalized middle ear.


Mixed Gas

A breathing gas that contains altered percentages of oxygen and nitrogen, and also helium. Mixed gases (Trimix's) are used for dives below 165 feet (50 meters).


Multilevel Diving

Starting a dive at the deepest point, and then spending the remaining part of the dive at shallower depths. This will allow a diver to have a longer bottom time.


----------------------------------------
希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 09:56:13
Post #22
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGHIJKLMN 持续更新中。。。
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉 N


NAUI

National Association of Underwater Instructors. NAUI is one of the oldest certifying agencies and is based in the United States.


Nautical Mile

A unit of distance designed to equal approximately 1 minute of arc of latitude, 6080.20 feet. A nautical mile is approximately 1.15 times as long as the statute mile of 5280 ft. Also known as a "geographical mile" or "sea mile".


Neoprene

A synthetic fabric with good heat insulation properties. Neoprene is used to make wetsuits.


Nitrogen

An odorless, colorless and tasteless gas that makes up approximately 78% of the air. Nitrogen is inert (it does not enter into any chemical reaction in the body) but it can cause problems under pressure. (See nitrogen narcosis, decompression sickness).


Nitrogen Narcosis

Intoxication caused by breathing nitrogen at elevated partial pressures. This can happen on deep dives and can result in the impairment of reasoning and motor skills, feelings of irrational anxiety or elation, and perceptual narrowing. The effect can be reversed upon the return to a shallower depth.


Nitrox

A mixture of nitrogen and oxygen prepared for use as a breathing gas. Nitrox will contain a greater percentage of oxygen than that found in air.


No Decompression Limit (NDL)

A No Decompression Limit is the maximum bottom time at a given depth, at which a direct ascent to the surface is possible without having to do staged decompression stops and without sufficient risk of decompression sickness.


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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 20:52:41
Post #23
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGHIJKLMN 持续更新中 ...
 
vai_q 离线 vai_q Is there anything I could help?cool

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2012.7 PUKET
2013.1.7—1.16    Semporna
2013.10.2—10.6  Philippine PG
2013.11.16-11.27 Philippine PG
2014.1.1-1.20       Philippine?

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 22:34:12
Post #24
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGHIJKLMN 持续更新中 ...
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉
vai_q wrote:
Is there anything I could help?cool

帮忙纠正翻译的错误吧,哈,我知道翻译的肯定错误不少。。。

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
旧帖 2012-11-15 22:37:09
Post #25
Re: 潜水术语: ---ABCDEFGHIJKLMN 持续更新中 ...
 
苏拉_苏拉 离线 苏拉_苏拉
loreaye wrote:
楼主加油。。很有用

恩呐,

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希望,有一份不沉闷的工作,在不是很老的年纪,遇见一个不难看的人,谈一场不慌不忙的恋爱,有一个不吵不闹的婚礼,生一个可爱的宝宝,平平安安的,度过我不算糟糕的一生。

 
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