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旧帖 2014-12-09 00:57:45
Post #26
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04

Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四

我相信北美至少有10起因为比赛而出死亡事故。

为什么比赛会出事?大概原因有:

1)水上运动的危险无所不在,有时人身体处于极限状态,触发一些致命疾病爆发。
2)比赛大大削弱了队员对安全的注意
3)组织者再能干,总有疏忽的时候,如果发生再不巧的俩三件事,大事故的隐患就可能爆发出来
4)安全讲究自救第一,不能太依赖组织者。第一道自我防线垮了,第二道防线将非常吃重。
5)其实北美人真出事了,一般不会找组织者麻烦,一般人都觉得户外有风险,出事不幸但正常,倒是中国大环境变态。50%可能,社会和舆论非要找个替罪羊,不管领队再无辜, 领队注定比北美麻烦多得多(不过总体北美领队要负责得多)。 


这下边的是引用的一起, 不是水上事故而是身体出问题(2012)


意想不到和器材杀人有如下方式:
1  水裙
2  松散的长绳
3 大筏绑在一块的行李
4 干衣
5 船本身
6 海洋舟不密封的密封舱
7划艇 比赛
8 商业漂流


http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/local_news/article/Racers-mourn-death-of-paddler-3632388.php

“It's more like a family than a community,” said Jason Rotan of the people who paddle the Safari. “This one is going to hurt.”
An autopsy conducted Wednesday was inconclusive; the cause of Ellis' death remains under investigation, according to the Bexar County Medical Examiner's office.
Because of his symptoms and the large amount of water he drank, race officials believe Ellis died from low salt content in his blood, known as hyponatremia.


His funeral arrangements are pending at the Weed-Corley-Fish Lake Travis Funeral Home in Lakeway.
Reached by phone, relatives declined to comment.
In addition to Ellis, another paddler was taken to the hospital in Victoria for kidney failure after he finished the race. He is expected to be released in a couple of days.
Although Ellis was new to canoe racing and this was his first Safari, he was already well-liked. He and his racing partner, Ian Rolls, were known for being polite, saying “yes, ma'am” and shaking hands with their competitors.
They were also prepared and fast. Other racers knew that Ellis drank more water than most competitors but had compensated with extra electrolyte pills and salty snacks.
“They were very good paddlers,” said Michael Shively, who won the aluminum class with his partner, Jim Pye.
Ellis and Rolls were racing in the same class as Shively and had won the aluminum class in the preliminary race for the Safari.
Shively, who has won the Safari several times in multiple categories, saw them as his main competition.
Ellis and Rolls looked strong at the start of the race. But at the Gonzales checkpoint, Mile 85, Ellis was not feeling well. Such symptoms are normal for the Safari, especially on the first night of paddling.
“I just thought he was bonking,” said Janie Glos. “They were racing it hard. They were doing well.”
But Ellis was not recovering after they left Gonzales.
Cayla Weber and her sister Courtney Weber were the first to come upon them.
“You could tell he was really in bad shape. He was just lying there wheezing,” Cayla Weber said.
Rolls was screaming for help, the Webers said. He had just pulled Ellis out of the river after he had collapsed in the canoe and fallen in.
The girls pushed the 911 button on their emergency satellite beacon, gave it to Rolls and then turned around and paddled back upriver to find another boat that might have a cell phone.
They found Ginsie Stauss and Joseph Geisinger.
“He was yelling ‘help me please, he is dying',” Stauss said.
Stauss called 911 to relay their GPS coordinates.
Jason Rotan and Cody Ackermann had arrived by then. Ackermann, a river guide, had basic emergency medical training.
The medics then arrived, assisted by a nearby landowner. After helping strap Ellis onto a backboard so he could be moved, the canoe racers knew they had done everything they could and headed back down the river.
They would not learn of Ellis' death until paddling for another day.
Ellis' death shocked those who knew him, including many who were familiar with his online persona, “Concho Man,” on TexasBowhunter.com.
Paul Gonzalez Jr., 35, met Ellis at the online forum's annual barbecue. The two immediately clicked, Gonzalez said, possibly because of their mutual love of the outdoors and for Texas music.
Ellis worked out nearly daily, either in a spin class, running or rowing, Gonzalez said. He was extremely close with his family, younger siblings Blane and Brooke, and was a terrific friend.
“You could always hear him smiling on the other side of the phone when he called to check on you,” Gonzalez said. “He has a famous smile, and he was always trying to make everybody around him happy.”
Ellis was an organ donor, Gonzalez said, adding that the act had taken him by surprise.
“What single 30-year-old man makes sure that he puts ‘organ donor' on his license? He did – he'd thought it through,” Gonzalez said. “That's just Brad.”

kurtyang04 于 2014-12-09 05:32:56 编辑
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 01:11:32
Post #27
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 这个是四级比赛出的事:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/taking-on-the-rapids-at-great-falls/2014/07/05/9d7c66a4-047d-11e4-b8ff-89afd3fad6bd_story.html

One year after competitor’s death, kayakers take on rapids at Great Falls again
Racers, volunteers keep Shannon Christy, who died during a practice run, in their thoughts

Dylan McKinney navigates the rapids on the Potomac River on Saturday during the Great Falls Race. (Sarah L. Voisin/The Washington Post)
By Alexander Becker July 5 [email]\[/email]Follow @newsbecks
On a clear Saturday morning, kayaker Pat Keller bobbed in the water waiting for the 2014 Great Falls white-water race. At the sound of the start, the 28-year-old bolted downstream, guiding his boat smoothly through the waves and waterfalls of some of the country’s most demanding and dangerous rapids.
It was an adrenaline-fueled experience for Keller and each of the 31 other kayakers who came from as far as New Zealand to participate in the race, but one that this year was far from guaranteed.
Almost twelve months ago on the same frothy stretch of the Potomac River, 23-year-old kayaker Shannon Christy of North Carolina drowned while training for the annual race days before it was to take place. The 2013 event was canceled, and instead a memorial for Christy was held on the river.

This year, race organizers faced a weighty decision on whether to proceed with the event, according to race director and six-time winner Jason Beakes. But support from the kayaking community, in the Washington area and beyond, convinced Beakes and other race organizers that this year’s competition should go on.
“In one way, it does give more meaning to the race because there had to be a real conscious decision on [the part of] the whole community, not just on the part of a handful of organizers, that we’re going to go forward with this,” Beakes said. “Paddling this kind of white water means enough to all of us in general that we’re not going to stop because of what happened.”

From left to right, Dylan McKinney, Chris Poli and Rich Hardy carry their boats to the water for the Great Falls Race on the Potomac River. (Sarah L. Voisin/The Washington Post)
At a meeting for racers Saturday morning, national-champion kayaker Geoff Calhoun, 28, led racers and volunteers in a moment of silence honoring Christy.
“This is the 26th Great Falls Race. I think the first one was held in 1988,” Calhoun, a Bethesda native, told the group. “Things have changed a lot, but what hasn’t changed is that it’s dangerous.”

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According to Beakes and Calhoun, last year’s tragedy showed the already safety-conscious group of race organizers and competitors that more needed to be done to ensure the safety of paddlers during the event and at informal practice sessions.
Groups of kayakers usually take new or dangerous sections of river slowly, often getting out of their boats to scout rapids from shore or to “set safety” with long throw ropes. Racing changes this approach, as paddlers challenge themselves to run drops as quickly as possible. This focus on speed can make practicing for a race as dangerous as the race itself.
At a practice session Friday, kayakers armed with throw ropes stood watch on rocks in the center of the Falls as fellow paddlers dialed in their lines. During Saturday’s race, the number of safety personnel grew, with volunteers anchored to rocks and in boats above and below every drop on the quarter-mile course.
Local authorities and the National Park Service allow the race and have been supportive of kayakers’ efforts to improve safety.
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 04:52:05
Post #28
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 这是著名的2010年Gauley River事故。这些事故和一些有大风险的皮划艇比赛异曲同工。



http://www.charlestondailymail.com/News/statenews/201010100398

UPDATE: Kayaker killed on Gauley River was experienced
[email]The Associated Press\[/email]
SUMMERSVILLE, W.Va. -- Authorities say the Gauley River's third victim this season was a 55-year-old man from Meadville, Pa.
The victim, whose identity is still being withheld pending notification of his next of kin, was a veteran kayaker, said Jeff West, chief ranger for the New River National River in Glen Jean.
In fact, West said the man had about a decade of experience kayaking on the Gauley.
"He had actually kayaked the lower Gauley River the day before the accident happened," he said. "He was a very fit man, an outdoorsman."
This is the third fatality of the 2010 Gauley season, which started five and a half weeks ago. The season will end Oct. 17, West said. 
The man was kayaking with friends when he overturned his craft at 1:25 p.m. Sunday about four miles below the Summersville Dam, West said. He became pinned under a rock near Camera Rapid.
Bystanders were able to reach the man "within minutes" but were unable to free him from under the rock. By the time the man was freed, he was not breathing and was unresponsive, West said.
"I'm not sure how long it took them to get him out of the river."
The man was pronounced dead at the scene.
West believes three fatalities is the most that has occurred on the Gauley River since rafting became a big draw in the early 1980s. But this is the second year in a row that number has been reached, he said.
The first victim was Jiyang Feng, a 19-year-old sophomore from the University of Illinois. Feng was from Dalian, China, according to previous media reports. She fell out of a raft about 9 a.m. on Sept. 19.
The next day, Matthew Hanes, 21, of Cleveland, Tenn., -- who also was experienced on whitewater -- became the second fatality on the river when he fell out of a raft.
"He was a guide on the Ocoee River in Tennessee," West said.
Estimates of how many people raft and kayak the Gauley range from 10,000 to 30,000.
"The Gauley River has Class V rapids, and Class V rapids are dangerous," West said. "And people come to raft the river because there is an element of danger."    
- See more at: http://www.charlestondailymail.com/News/statenews/201010100398#sthash.p2N7Fat5.dpuf
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 05:23:16
Post #29
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 2010年Gauley River事故是经典的高风险漂流,三起独立的事故,死了三个人,其中一位是中国留学生,一位是有经验的皮划艇手。

后面的官司一直没有查到,有没有不可得知。一般商业是有保险(50万-100万刀)。

不管是比赛组织者还是商业,参与者是不能给组织者或商业向导100%的信任,必须自己了解真正的风险,然后自己量力而行,外在的救援应该是备份第二位,自救永远是最主要地。

Gauley River是典型的4-5级, 4级以上的河商业运行在北美以几十条而计。

很早的时候我就读过Gauley River和其他西维吉利亚河流概括,所有信息都指向这个州几乎所有河,都有危险的undercut pin 石头(很严重那种)。上面2010事故都是类似原因。

可是商业为了钱,从来不大会跟顾客说undercut pin危险。就是说,很多人也不知道是这是啥。尽管概率只有几千分之一,我曾拒绝过同伴邀请去Gauley River可能。船一旦翻了,前几分钟几乎全靠自己,外部救援都是之后的事, 连商业向导自顾保命为先。 在那种场合下,听天由命是最主要结果。再牛,在大自然面前,有时人不得不低头。 什么时候低头,什么时候可以冒险一把,这个平衡是动态地,判断其界限需要多年经验,智慧和谨慎的人格。
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 05:38:59
Post #30
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 无数多的比赛出事(非竞技场), 又一例, 在四级激流比赛

https://www.americanwhitewater.org/content/Accident/detail/accidentid/481/

Whitewater racing is fun and exciting, but there are some real risks. Racing makes any run more strenuous, and it's harder to control your boat at race speeds. On May 24th Nathan Vernon was killed at a Whitewater Festival on the Eagle River at Dowds Chutes.. This event, which advertised itself extensively with the tag line, "Winners will be rewarded; losers will be resuscitated", was held on the class IV+ Dowd Chutes of the Eagle River near Vail, CO. The race was 1500 meters long, roughly 3/4 of a mile. The river was running at 3.5', or 1340 cfs, at the gauge at Gypsum. This is a medium low level. The altitude, well over 8,000 feet, made the race unusually tiring.
 
Reports posted to the internet and forwarded by Colorado Whitewater Association Safety Chair Roger Lynn described the incident as follows: Vernon, a third year kayaker, capsized halfway down the course just above the most turbulent section. After two roll attempts he slid out of his kayak. Initially conscious, he appeared to lose consciousness and floated face-down for the rest of the rapid. Two throw ropes hit him without response. Several safety boaters grabbed him, flipped him over, and got him to shore with some difficulty. Rescue squads were on hand and CPR began at once, He was taken to Vail Valley Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead. The official cause of death, based on an autopsy, was heart failure.
The Vail Mountain Rescue Team is a well-trained unit. They provided excellent safety coverage and were augmented by chase boats stationed throughout the course. Two comments were made by observers. First, many safety boaters were paddling very short rodeo boats, great for playing the river, but not ideal for rescue. Second, this is an ideal site to set up a tethered swimmer rescue using a rescue PFD. This is often done European races and makes it easy to recover an unconscious person in whitewater. Neither change would have made a difference in this case. Given the heart problem, Vernon probably could not have been resuscitated.
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 05:42:11
Post #31
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 美国头号激流安全专家评论:



1. Recovering from a flip during a race can be very challenging because the racer is out of breath and often rushes the roll. This must be considered by anyone competing in similar events.
 在比赛中,从一个翻滚恢复是非常具有挑战性的,因为皮划艇手为了冲刺,快没力气了。

 
2. The Vail Mountain Rescue Team is a well-trained unit. They provided excellent safety coverage and were augmented by chase boats stationed throughout the course. Observers made two comments. First, many safety boaters were paddling very short rodeo boats, great for playing the river, but not ideal for rescue. Second, this is an ideal site to set up a tethered swimmer rescue using a rescue PFD. This is often done European races and makes it easy to recover an unconscious person in whitewater.
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 05:53:04
Post #32
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 http://www.americanwhitewater.org/content/Accident/detail/accidentid/3888/

又一起发生在今年夏天阿拉斯加,有牛人死于极地铁人比赛中

August 11, 2014
Rob Kehrer, pictured here during the 2013 Alaska Mountain Wilderness Classic, was a 10-year competitor in the race, which is among the state's most grueling backcountry competitions. Kehrer died during the 2014 Classic while attempting to raft the Tana River. The inevitable has happened in the 32-year-old Alaska Mountain Wilderness Classic, and 44-year-old Rob Kehrer is dead. A 10-year veteran of what some consider the toughest wilderness challenge in the world, Kehrer died in the Tana River of Wrangell St. Elias National Park and Preserve on Saturday after apparently launching his packraft a little too soon at the end of the lower river canyon.
Friend and traveling companion Greg Mills told park rangers he saw Kehrer's boat disappear into a boil of cold, glacial water from which it never emerged. "As soon as Rob put in, he was swept into big, boiling hydraulic," said Peter Christian, chief ranger for the 13.2-million-acre park. Christian was part of a team that included volunteers and the Alaska Air National Guard who spent the weekend searching for Kehrer. His body was found Sunday on a gravel bar about 4 miles below where he put his packraft in the river.
Packrafts are 6- to 7-foot-long inflatable boats weighing 3 to 8 pounds. Despite their small size and light weight, packrafts have proven their durability across the state over the past decade and become famous for running big water when powered by the state's best paddlers. A free-form race A big man, always smiling, who spent a good part of his life in the Alaska wilderness, Kehrer was a competent paddler, a description that would fit most of the participants in the Wilderness Classic. A race of sorts across the wildest parts of the 49th state, the Classic each year attracts only a handful of participants, nearly all of them Alaskans familiar with the dangers of frigid waters, unforgiving climate and grizzly bears. There is no race route, and part of the challenge is finding the best way to the finish line. Thirteen people started last year’s event on a course of more than 100 miles from Thompson Pass through the Chugach Mountains to the tiny community of McCarthy, but only five finished -- Kehrer among them. Twenty-three started this year and only nine have finished so far.
Kehrer, like some others, was trying a new route using the Tana to try and avoid alder thickets so dense that last year he described them as near impassable. "It made sense to crawl for short distances because no matter what you chose to do, it was going to be slow and expend a lot of energy," he said in a Facebook message exchange after the race last year. "Roman (Dial) was a genius last year wearing shin guards and arm guards on his forearms....The bushwhacking was awful because the density of the alders with devil’s club (and) the amount of fallen spruce trees. The height of brush made it difficult to see the ground so many times you would step into holes because of old fallen trees and such ... Also, the bugs were very unfun."
The 2013 Classic was tough, and the 2014 event got off to a bad start amid news that Cody Roman Dial -- Roman's son known simply as "R2" to many Classic participants -- was lost and missing somewhere in Costa Rica. He has still not been found. R2 became the youngest ever to finish the race when he completed the Eureka Summit to Talkeetna course in 2004 at age 17. His father is a four-time winner, a former race organizer and a veteran of more than 10 Classics. His mother, Peggy, still holds the fastest time ever run by a woman. She did the Brooks Range course of more than 100 miles in about three days in 1993. There was talk of canceling the Classic because of the search underway in Central America for Cody Dial, but the Alaska event went on anyway, with competitors vowing to proceed in the spirit of the Dials. They also took their $200 race fees, which normally go into a rescue fund in case of emergency, and donated the money to a fund to help Roman continue search efforts in Central America. Then everyone headed off for Thompson Pass, thinking that at least this was the last year to deal with the Classic on what everyone agreed was a hellish course.
The race is due to move, if it continues, next year. It has historically been run only three years in a row on any route to prevent regular competitors from gaining an advantage thanks to experience gained in determining the best race route from start to finish. "We don't know what will happen with the Classic now," volunteer coordinator Luc Mehl said Monday. "The community will have to process it."
Iditarod Trail Invitational volunteer The Classic community is small -- numbering fewer than 500 people -- but it represents the most experienced wilderness trekkers in Alaska. Kehrer was one of this group, a man perhaps more comfortable in the wilderness than the city. For many winters, Kehrer helped Bill Merchant of the Iditarod Trail Invitational pioneer the Iditarod Trail to the remote Rohn checkpoint in the Alaska Range every February. The two men would punch the trail through Rainy Pass and down into the rugged Dalzell Gorge before Iditarod race officials, let alone Iditarod mushers, arrived. Then Kehrer would hang out in Rohn to man the checkpoint for the Invitational. Invitational competitors came to know him as the always-smiling guy who kept the checkpoint wall tent warm, made comfortable places for everyone to sleep, and kept stuffing people with food. "Everybody who describes him talks about his big heart," Mehl said. "He really embodied the spirit of Alaska."
Kehrer, a big man of more than 200 pounds, was never going to win the Classic. He knew that, but still enjoyed the challenge of every race, and he regularly embraced the opportunities to help out others struggling across the wilderness. Last year, he happened on the packraft of Steve Duby after Duby flipped it, lost it, and swam the Tasnuna River on the first day of the competition. Kehrer made sure to tie the raft up on a gravel bar where someone continuing downstream couldn't miss it. Duby, a school teacher in the remote village of Nulato on the Yukon River, was working his way downstream trying to figure out the best way to abandon the race when he came upon the raft. He got in and eventually became the first to finish the 2013 Classic, thanks to Kehrer's help.
Other competitors in the water
Swimming is something a lot of people do in the Classic. Mehl said seven people used the Tana River route this year and at least two of them ending up swimming before Kehrer -- both in dangerous Class IV whitewater upstream from where Mills and Kehrer put in. Both got out OK. Kehrer and Mills intentionally avoided that stretch of the river. "They actually put in below the worst of the gnarly," Mehl said. "They walked way out of their way. Rob's always been afraid of water, though he's swum a bunch." The Classic is a competition that normally rewards good judgment, route-finding and sometimes fire-making abilities more than paddling efficiency. Fire is a lifesaver in a situations where people face deadly hypothermia.
At least one past Classic participant might well have died on a different route through the Wrangells more than 20 years ago after a raft accident left him washed up the bank of the Nizina River. Another competitor happened along and started a fire to save him from death by exposure. How Kehrer died is unknown. He could have drowned or been killed by hypothermia after washing out of the whirlpool, but Christian said there is no indication that he was conscious when he washed up on the gravel bar.
After Kehrer disappeared, "Greg (Mills) got safely past the hole, grabbed up all the gear" that had come loose from Kehrer's raft and was floating downstream, Christian said. Mills then went to shore to start searching for his buddy. "He ran up the bank hoping he'd find him and never did," Christian said. Searchers in a Park Service helicopter and in Pavehawk helicopters of the famed Alaska Air National Guard’s 210th Rescue Squadron from Joint Base Elmendorf Richardson spent hours airborne over the weekend before they were able to locate Kehrer's body, the ranger said. Kehrer was wearing dark rain gear and a dark personal flotation device.
Mehl, who talked to Mills after the accident, said he believes Kehrer's boat was flipped by a powerful, boiling eddy along a cliff where the Tana makes a 90-degree bend. The late Dr. Andrew Embick of Valdez warns of these "powerful, boiling eddies" in his book "Fast & Cold: A Guide to Alaska whitewater." The Tana canyon in 1988 claimed the lives of 44-year-old Larry Holmstrom, his 21-year-old daughter Maria and 31-year-old Ron Eagle while they filmed an episode of "Jay Hammond's Alaska." Hammond, now deceased, was a two-term Alaska governor and the first governor to host a TV show about Alaska. He, too, went into the water in 1988, but was pulled safely back aboard a raft rowed by Paul Claus of Ultima Thule Outfitters. A legendary Alaska Bush pilot, Claus runs a lodge not far from the Tana. He was the first person Mills called on a satellite phone after the accident, and Claus began an aerial search for Kehrer almost immediately. He saw nothing. "We didn't get a call until the next day on Sunday," Christian said. "But there's probably nothing anyone could have done anyway." Kehrer's wife, Tamra, was in McCarthy waiting for her husband and other race finishers when she was notified of her husband's death. Mehl said she had friends with her and was hanging on.
Everyone who enters the Alaska Wilderness Classic knows the dangers. The liability waiver has for years contained very blunt language informing Classic competitors about the risk of death, but dealing with it is hard for family members who wait for the event to finish. Fifty-seven-year-old Anchorage surgeon Dr. John Lapkass, a husband and father who has completed more Classic races than anyone, almost died on a course in the Fortymile River country of Interior Alaska in 2010. He suffered internal bleeding during the race, but was able to make a satellite phone call for a helicopter, which picked him up and flew him to surgery in Anchorage.
‘On your own’
As the race blog warned again this year, as it has in other years, "it is important to emphasize again that the Classic is dangerous. If you participate, you must know how to self-rescue. Self-rescue does not mean that you know how to dial a sat phone for a rescue. Self-rescue means that you know how to stabilize serious injuries enough that you can walk (or crawl) dozens of miles to a possible fly-out zone. You are on your own and you have to take care of yourself. Most people will never acquire the experience necessary to run a Classic. In fact, if you're reading this blog, you probably shouldn't even consider doing it." Nobody, however, expected that the first to perish would be someone like Kehrer. He was, friends say, among the best of the best at Alaska wilderness travel, and he still didn't make it home. Contact Craig Medred at craig(at)alaskadispatch.com
Death at the Alaska Wilderness Classic 10-year veteran drowns crossing river
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 06:02:45
Post #33
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 这个是为了参加比赛训练,最后死于失温。

http://www.marinij.com/westmarin/ci_11712078

A 42-year-old man drowned in Tomales Bay last Saturday while training for a canoe race with a friend. Emergency crews pulled the other man to Hearts Desire Beach and flew him to Petaluma Valley Hospital, where he was treated for severe hypothermia.


Boater dies in cold water near Heart's Desire Beach

[email]Rob Rogers\[/email]

Posted:   02/15/2009 04:36:34 PM PST



One man was pronounced dead and another was hospitalized Saturday afternoon after their canoe capsized in the waters of Tomales Bay.
Marin County fire officials believe the two men had been in the 54-degree water for about half an hour before they were spotted at around 12:50 p.m. by a couple walking along Heart's Desire Beach in the Point Reyes National Seashore.
"National Parks brought their boat into Tomales Bay, and Inverness Fire volunteers were able to bring both victims to shore at Heart's Desire Beach," said Captain Todd Overshiner of the Marin County Fire Department. "CPR was started on the one who was unconscious. The other was severely hypothermic."
Information about the two victims, both males in their mid-40s, was unavailable at press time. One man was pronounced dead on the beach, while the other was flown by helicopter to Petaluma Valley Hospital.
While both men were wearing personal floatation devices, neither was wearing clothing designed for cold water, Overshiner said. Without that equipment, hypothermia would have set it "relatively quickly" in the 54-degree water, Overshiner said.
Saturday's death was the first at the National Seashore since a child drowned while swimming outside Whitehouse Pool last summer, Overshiner said.
 
旧帖 2014-12-09 06:21:08
Post #34
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 这是一起关于DRYSUIT杀人的事,由低温水导致。一个没有拉链拉上的干衣,就是巨大的杀人载物。原因:

1)没起到保温作用
2)假想的实际没有的安全保障, 是一个很恐怖东西
3)灌满水的干衣阻止了人的自救,是死亡秤砣。

类似的故事我至少看过另两起(一起是激流,一起是海洋)





http://www.keelhauler.org/khcc/seastory.htm


SEA KAYAK SAFETY By Les Berke lesberke@stratos.net
The sea kayaking season is here again, although for some it never left, enjoying Lake Erie during Winter months just the same, wisely or unwisely. The attached report about the accident we remember from news paper accounts last year follows.
Sea Kayaker magazine contacted me at that time to help them to get in touch with the Cleveland Coast Guard for their accident report. They just sent me a rather poignant report written by a kayaker who knew the victim. Sea Kayaker maintains and analyzes accidents. In their June 1999 issue there is a rather sad article about a fatality that happened in Greenland waters also due to lack of rolling skills. Please respect big water because of the potentially larger distances from shore that you could negotiate safely by swimming if all else fails. Going alone is a well known hazard. It is your decision weather you have the skills, or you are over confident, like this Navy man was. Big water can turn from best friend to worst enemy in a very short time.
Closing my own remarks I just say that instinctive rolling is just as important to sea kayakers as to river rats who are superb experts at that. Sea kayakers should become superb experts at it also instead of blind trust in the stability of the wider boats. Rolling is the quickest out of a potentially deadly situation. Set up your boat for rolling!! Practice it every time you are out on water, it is a nice way to cool off too in Summer heat, I use it as my climate control. See you on the Lake.
FATAL LAKE ERIE ACCIDENT REPORT By Jack Martin
On Saturday, 28 November 1998, Thanksgiving Day weekend, Captain Tom "Rhino" Hancock died on Lake Erie off Cleveland, Ohio, where he had spent the holiday with family. "The Rhino" was an old Navy buddy of mine, and had taken up paddling only during the last year. Following that incident, I wrote up some preliminary reports on his death, but wanted to wait until the Coroner's and the Ohio Department of Natural Resources' report was released to put out the final, official word. Bureaucracy has relented, that report has now been released --- and there are no real surprises. (Please accept the originator's permission to reprint or pass this post on to other paddlers in its complete form.)
For a brief review, Rhino went out on a solo paddle to "the crib", a highly visible structure about three miles offshore that serves as an underwater inlet for Cleveland's water supply. It's something of a landmark in the area, apparently. (He had tried to go out to the crib three weeks earlier, but had turned back because of fatigue.) The day of his death, he was wearing a blue dry suit, a yellow type III PFD, skirt, booties and gloves, and was found three quarters of a mile east of the crib, separated from his boat, a yellow over white fiberglass Necky sea kayak (hull number GNK08246G298 --- a new boat) with his paddle attached to the boat by means of a paddle leash. The water temperature was 50 degrees F. at the crib intake point, 35 feet below the surface; we can presume that the water temperature at the surface would probably have been closer to 45 degrees F. Winds were light and there was only low chop. The boat was found at a considerable distance from the body.
So what went wrong? We can only speculate, but the air temperature was rising during the day through the 50s F., and we can guess that Rhino was overheating because, at some point during the paddle, he unzipped his dry suit at the top, leaving an opening estimated to be six to eight inches long --- not an inadvertent failure to snug up of the zipper, but something clearly meant to allow thermal venting. (The relief zipper on his suit was closed.) When he capsized --- reasons unknown --- he was met with the cold shock of nominally 45 degree F. water on his face and unprotected head followed immediately by a rush of numbing water into his dry suit. (The investigating officer observed that Rhino was wearing "a gray tee shirt" under his dry suit; subsequent interviews and investigations have not turned up more details on what if any insulation he was wearing under the suit, but no amount of dry insulation would have provided any effective long term insulation with a dry suit flooded by a six inch opening. The flushing of water through an opening of that size would have obviated any "wet suit" insulation effect provided by the membrane of the dry suit and even the thickest synthetic pile or wool.)
So the final question: what was the cause of death? The Coroner's report states that Rhino died of "immersion hypothermia and drowning". From some familiarity with cold water paddling, we can assume that hypothermia resulted in a loss of physical control which then resulted in drowning. Earlier suggestions of cardiac arrest were, apparently, incorrect. He became hypothermic and eventually drowned.
What went wrong? In this case, there are a few things that jump out.
- Rhino was a relatively new paddler. (He and I had discussed sea kayaking in the past, and I knew that he had been interested in becoming involved in the sport; the reports and conversation with the family indicated that he did have at least some sea kayaking training. We lost contact after his retirement from the Navy a couple of years ago.) But he had only one year's experience and was paddling alone, offshore, in "cold water" conditions. Whether or not we choose to see that as significant in general, it was a specific contributing factor in Rhino's death. Had he been with a partner, an assisted rescue might have been attempted; ambient conditions were generally benign, other than the water temperature.
- While he seemed at least partially equipped for cold water paddling --- the new Necky kayak, a dry suit, a skirt, appropriate PFD, gloves and booties --- he was not wearing head protection, nor was he reported to have had any with him on this trip. Of much greater significance, and we can easily speculate as the prime contributor to his death, his dry suit was not fully zipped closed. Again, speculation, he may have felt that he would have time to zip the suit back up should he encounter trouble. But the cold shock to his unprotected head and the sudden and immediate incursion of cold water into the suit --- coupled with the fact that his PFD would have ridden up sufficiently to cover the dry suit opening --- probably incapacitated him immediately, making it impossible for him to close his suit. (Assuming he could have closed the suit back up after it flooded, appropriate thermal insulation --- had he been wearing it --- might have extended his survivability to some degree, but this seems unlikely.)
Lessons-learned: in "cold water" paddling --- however we choose to define "cold" --- a dry suit is of no value if it is not fully zipped at all times when on the water. Adequate head and neck protection in the form of a neoprene hood or a hood of Malden Mills "Thermal Stretch" or "Rubberized Thermal Stretch" or similar composite material, is absolutely essential, and should arguably be worn at all times when on the water. (There are proponents of carrying a hood as opposed to wearing one; there is evidence in this case that suggests, since Rhino could not close the zipper in his dry suit, he might well not have been able to put on a hood, once in the water, if he had had one with him. Of greater significance, once he had capsized and was in the water, the initial damage of cold shock had begun, with the intense head and facial pain of cold water entry and consequent disorientation contributing directly to his inability to recover on his own.) And we can speculate that, even if the zipper on his dry suit had been closed, the lack of thermal protection to his head and neck --- where a swimmer loses the vast majority of body heat in any event --- and the apparent absence of thermal insulation under his dry suit would have induced hypothermia and resulted in death by drowning almost as quickly as it probably did in this case. Conversely, had he had his dry suit fully zipped, had he been wearing a hood of neoprene or functionally equivalent composite material, and had he had appropriate thermal insulation under his dry suit, his capsize under the existing environmental conditions could easily have resulted in a self rescue or a survivable float until assisted rescue could have occurred.
The bottom line: I joined a few hundred people --- family and many friends --- to bury an old Navy buddy at Arlington National Cemetery on a cold, bright morning last December. The ceremony was impressive --- the flag-draped casket on a horse drawn gun caisson, an honor guard, a band --- with full military honors and taps called away by a bugler. But it was an unnecessary trip to Arlington. It could have been prevented by the buddy we went there to honor.
If something good ever comes out of incidents like this, you've read about a preventable death of a fellow sea kayaker, and maybe you'll build the contributing factors to the event into your preparation for your next trip. Thanks for reading this note --- I hope it wasn't as much of a terrible use of time for you as listening to that bugler was for me.
 
旧帖 2015-03-26 04:18:37
Post #35
Re: 器材,意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安全系列之四
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 案例:绳子是杀手

 http://www.americanwhitewater.org/content/Accident/detail/accidentid/3904/

The victim got tangled in a rope, lost balance and fell head underwater while trying to free a pinned boat, couldn't free himself. One of his buddies cut the line and swam to the rescue, helped by another boater. All three were experienced. The victim was in a coma for almost 4 days, but has recovered completely.

古歌翻译:
被害人缠在一起的绳子,失去平衡,跌倒头部的水下试图释放一个固定的船,无法释放自己。他的一个哥们用刀割了绳,并游到了抢救,另一船工帮助。三人都经历过。死者是昏迷了近4天,但已经完全恢复。
 
旧帖 2016-04-03 01:13:40
Post #36
Re: 鲨鱼鳄鱼? 意想不到的杀手 -- 皮划艇安 ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 在读关于鲨鱼事故的分析。

最近一本权威新书提到鲨鱼,北美150年间,发生过100起鲨鱼袭击人事故,死亡30人,但没有任何皮划艇死亡报告。

3年前发生在我家不远的一起皮划艇事故,引起了很多人关注。作者分析鲨鱼是咬一口的策略,鲨鱼看不太清楚猎物,往往尝试咬一口再决定吃还是不吃。这起事故,鲨鱼咬了船底狠命一口,随即落荒而逃。作者说,划船人有落水,但鲨鱼已有阴影,也不再敢来一次。

据佛罗里达人说,鳄鱼也是如此策略,移动东西,可能会被鳄鱼咬伤,当地人说鳄鱼也是喜欢吃快餐,咬一口后发现不对,一般就不继续。每年佛州平均大概一人死于袭击事件,绝大部分是游泳和潜水有关。
 
旧帖 2016-05-27 00:46:26
Post #37
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼? 意想不到的杀手 -- ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 这些东西在皮划艇大发展的年代很重要。
 
旧帖 2016-05-27 00:55:54
Post #38
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼? 意想不到的杀手 -- ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 有种顾客本身就是杀手
-----------------------

男子跟团去海边旅游溺亡 家属告旅行社索赔85万

本文来源: 东北新闻网-辽沈晚报 本文作者: 白爽

全文朗读 大中小 打印本页

摘要
沈阳一位男游客跟着旅行社到海边玩,还乘坐自带的皮划艇驶入深水区。他不会游泳,却跳入海中去推皮划艇,不幸溺亡。


沈阳一位男游客跟着旅行社到海边玩,还乘坐自带的皮划艇驶入深水区。他不会游泳,却跳入海中去推皮划艇,不幸溺亡。事发后,家属将旅行社、事发景区告上法院,索赔85万元。被告均辩称,游客在远离浴区处跳水下海,死亡后果应由个人承担。沈阳市和平区人民法院一审判决,认定游客在不会游泳的情况下跳入海中,对其自身死亡后果应担主责,判令被告旅行社承担30%的责任,赔偿死者家属23万余元。
跟团去海边旅游溺亡
沈阳男子王强(化名)30多岁,去年8月,他通过旅行社报名参加了一个海边两日游。在这次行程的第二天早上,王强就在游玩时溺水失踪,同伴立即报了警。直到报警次日,警方才在其他海域找到了王强的遗体。
经确认,王强系溺水死亡。家属认为,旅行社和景区对于游客下海游玩无任何保护措施,应该承担全部民事责任。家属多次找旅行社和景区索赔,对方均拒绝赔偿。为此,家属只好将旅行社、景区、保险公司等诉至法院,索赔各项损失共计85万元,其中死亡赔偿金58万元、被扶养人生活费14万元。
远离岸边跳下海去推皮划艇
庭审时被告景区辩称,王强入水的区域远离岸边,并且远远超过深水警戒线。而且,王强的死亡区域不在浴区,死者的死亡后果应当由个人承担。旅行社投保的保险公司辩称,根据死者同伴的笔录,“王强当时和我在皮划艇上游玩,皮划艇上不了岸,他跳入海中将皮划艇向海边推。”对此,被告称,旅行社无法预见并提示风险,“作为一个成年人,他应当预见到离海岸1.5公里跳水下海的后果。”
不会游泳却下海自担七成责任
法院认为,被告旅行社在具体接待游客过程中,未对旅行的必要注意事项进行明示,同时其导游在游客去海滩游玩期间未能尽到跟随、照顾、告诫的义务,故其在本次事故中存在告知缺失和疏于管理的过错。
同时,受害人王强作为完全行为能力人,在其活动期间个人应对有可能发生的意外风险具有一定防范义务,根据派出所询问笔录确定受害人发生意外时,为乘坐个人携带的皮划艇且在不会游泳的情况下跳入海中,故王强本人对于损害结果也存在重大过错。
法院一审判决,认定被告景区无责,受害人王强对此次事故承担70%责任;被告旅行社承担次要责任,赔偿受害人家属死亡赔偿金等共计23万余元,上述赔偿金由旅行社投保的保险公司给付原告。(白爽)
 
旧帖 2016-05-27 01:02:20
Post #39
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身,船,救生绳? ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 关于熊,暂时没有听说海洋出事(但是估计很早年代也许发生过0

漂流有一个案例,是阿拉斯加的非常野的无人区,一对漂流夫妇发现河边的露营帐篷外一片狼藉,然后发现尸体和骨架,这是一起SOLO的恶性被熊致命事故,但这种概率比疯狗咬死概率小多了。
 
旧帖 2016-06-06 14:52:32
Post #40
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身,船,救生绳? ...
 
满山红叶时 离线 满山红叶时
kurtyang04 wrote:
案例2在书中是案例一的补充案例。

玩急流艇同学应该清楚:如果急流艇由于强水压挂住,船是会折断,人会陷在船里出不来,在四级以上急流里比较常见,也是急流艇友最大恶梦之一。

案例2是发生在海洋舟里的折断事故,这是我第一次了解海洋舟也会发生类似事故。作者用艇在海边冲浪,突然一排大浪冲过来,船头插向沙地,然后后排浪狠狠把船往地面砸,于是海洋舟断裂,作者的腿卡在船里面,无法脱离,然后不停的浪要把作者置于死地。还好岸上不认识的过客发现问题,及时救了他命。

类似事故应该发生在与类似激流环境下:冲浪破浪区,石头林。

预防办法之一,玩稍大冲浪必须有队员能互相照应。




你说的:急流艇由于强水压挂住,船是会折断,人会陷在船里出不来,在四级以上急流里比较常见,也是急流艇友最大恶梦之一。是下面图中我遇到的这种情况吧!

----------------------------------------
踏遍青山人未老 桃花依旧笑春风  

 
旧帖 2016-06-06 19:12:43
Post #41
防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身,船,救生绳? 意想不到 ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 原理类似很接近,一般有两块石头挡着。

满山红叶时 wrote:
你说的:急流艇由于强水压挂住,船是会折断,人会陷在船里出不来,在四级以上急流里比较常见,也是急流艇友最大恶梦之一。是下面图中我遇到的这种情况吧!



----------------------------------------
清华工程本科毕业生,海洋舟和漂流中国首席安全推手, 荒野皮划艇探险高级摄影师, 华人皮划艇荒野探险首席领队
北美华人皮划艇探险协会会长(美国官方认可非盈利慈善组织)美国华人漂流&海洋旅行总组织者和设计师
微信:16176205369

 
旧帖 2016-06-21 07:24:17
Post #42
防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身,船,救生绳? 意想不到 ...
 
寻找养蜂人 离线 寻找养蜂人 有此舟 则翻舟后排水及上舟轻松无忧矣 [img]http://static.doyouhike.net/files/2016/06/21/e/ebd9dd7c6e9d3888cb28879428089531.android[/img]
 
旧帖 2016-06-28 05:30:37
Post #43
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身,船,救生绳? ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 最近美国死好多划艇的朋友:这俩起是没有穿救生衣,在新人里非常常见

http://www.enewscourier.com/news/local_news/james-clemens-grad-drowns-in-kayak-accident/article_3d5ed5d6-39a0-11e6-b979-ff45eb70b88b.html

http://www.wsoctv.com/news/local/divers-search-for-person-after-boat-tips-over/349421584



10, 顾客不穿救生衣是常见错误,是新人最大的杀手之一

我们把这类归结于顾客自己
 
旧帖 2016-06-28 05:43:48
Post #44
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船, ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 http://newschannel9.com/news/local/boat-capsized-on-lake-junior

又一起没穿救生衣, 这个在中国很常见
 
旧帖 2016-11-23 04:03:57
Post #45
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船, ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/coast-guard-rescues-teen-kayakers-on-lake-ontario-1.1206478 活活被我发现的安全救援船我们皮划艇爱好者要小心它并不可靠,我坚信安全救援船就像人会出错,一种错误的安全保证可能带来就是悲剧,这是非常棒的例子。
 
旧帖 2016-11-23 04:15:46
Post #46
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船, ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 包括比赛,如果距离拉太大(比赛本身就是拉开距离越大越爽),救援船将顾此失彼,如果加入大风什么洋流,或什么失温,事故在酝酿成熟中。不说一定会发生,心里都没有这个知识和考虑,出事是可能的。
 
旧帖 2016-11-23 04:53:01
Post #47
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船, ...
 
kurtyang04 离线 kurtyang04 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/2-b-c-coast-guard-volunteers-die-as-boat-capsizes-1.1171771
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 加拿大海警在著名海洋激流中Skookumchuck Narrows, 练习事故中死亡

 
Two coast guard volunteers are dead after a boat capsized Sunday morning in Skookumchuck Narrows, near Sechelt on B.C.'s Sunshine Coast.
Capt. Annie Djiosta, a public affairs officer with the Royal Canadian Navy in Esquimalt, said a rigid hull inflatable boat with four people on board capsized at about 11:30 a.m. PT.  
"Of the four people on board … the boat, two were rescued almost immediately thanks to people on board a vessel that happened to be on the scene of the incident," Djiosta said.
"The other two people were pronounced dead … those two people unfortunately were trapped underneath the hull."
Djiosta said the victims were both female, while the two people pulled from the water were men.
Capt. Justin Olsen with the Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre Victoria said the boat may have been out training.
"This is the first case I've heard of where they've had an accident of this severity," he said. "We're quite shocked to learn that it was part of the search and rescue community and we were surprised."
[img]http://maps.google.com/maps/api/staticmap?center=49.809632,-123.618164&zoom=6&markers=size:mid|color:red|49.739221,-123.912647&maptype=terrain&size=220x220&sensor=false[/img]Skookumchuk Narrows, B.C.
Olsen said the Skookumchuck Narrows is a popular area for thrill-seekers. He said the current there is rapid, but it's too early to speculate on the cause of the accident.
Peter Sly, fire chief of the Egmont and District Volunteer Fire Department, said he watched the rescue from his home and saw several boats trying to respond to the overturned inflatable.   
Sly said the rescue lasted more than two hours and drew the Canadian Coast Guard vessel Cape Caution, a Buffalo aircraft, Cormorant helicopter, members of the Royal Canadian Marine Search and Rescue from Pender Harbour, B.C., as well as local boats.   
Area is dangerous
Sly said the area can become dangerous, especially when tides as large as 5.5 metres rush through the narrows of the local inlet, forming waves and whirlpools.
At the time of the accident, the current was running at about 24 km/h, said Sly.   
"Several people have lost their lives over the years in the rapids," he said.
Federal Fisheries and Oceans Minister Keith Ashfield released a written statement Sunday evening saying he was "deeply saddened" to hear about the deaths of the two volunteers.
"I would like to express my sincere condolences to their families, friends and crew members. As search and rescue partners there to protect Canadians on the water, the Canadian Coast Guard shares the pain of this tragic loss," read the statement.
"The volunteers in the Royal Canadian Marine Search and Rescue team and the Coast Guard Auxiliary make up a crucial part of the marine search and rescue network in Canada. Their commitment and dedication to saving lives, with all the dangers associated with marine search and rescue missions and training, is second to none."
 
旧帖 2017-03-21 09:39:39
Post #49
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船, ...
 
NEO998 离线 NEO998 非常不错,领教了.
 
旧帖 2017-08-11 12:02:53
Post #50
Re: 防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船, ...
 
中国老唐 离线 中国老唐 谢谢提醒!
 
旧帖 2018-02-12 10:02:32
Post #51
防水裙,鲨鱼鳄鱼熊,顾客本身不守规矩,船,救生绳? ...
 
深海漫游 离线 深海漫游 户外处处是陷阱,玩之前多看看这样的安全贴取到警示作用,极有好处!

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